Son ~ James
By the time James and Agnes Todd Ware had their next child, their oldest son, John, was around five and Nicholas was two. Naming him after his father, James Ware, Agnes delivered her baby on March 13, 1741-42. (There has often been confusion with the exact date for James because some sources list the year as 1741 and some as 1742. There is a detailed explanation for this ‘double-dating’ at the end of this chapter listed under supporting documentation.)
Working from either date, the senior Wares were approximately 28 years old at the time of James’ birth. Several references have stated that he was “one of the handsomest men in the state and one of the finest looking men to be found anywhere.” (Ref. 2, 6) For James and Agnes, however, they probably could have cared less about their son’s good looks at the time. A yellow fever epidemic had hit Virginia in 1741, striking fear in every colonist’s heart. Eighteenth century doctors, not knowing much about how to treat such diseases, relied on their standard approach of ‘purging’ in hopes of getting the sickness out of the body. Even the weakest victims were often subjected to heavy doses of laxatives or bloodletting, and tiny infants stood little chance of surviving such extreme treatments. Fortunately, James stayed healthy, and the entire Ware household weathered the season without any casualties.
James II decided to enter the medical profession upon adulthood. He “studied medicine and moved to Caroline County to set up his practice.” (Ref. 2) It was in that county that he met young Virginia Catherine Todd, a close neighbor. Her nickname was Caty, and she “was the daughter of Dr. James Todd, an eminent physician and a Scotchman.” (Ref. 2) There must have been quite a mutual attraction because James and Caty married in 1767, with James being 26 and Caty not quite 14 at the time! (Ref. 2,35G, 602) In a letter written in 1831 by their son, Charles Ware, he stated that his parents “were married early in life, particularly your grandmother (before she was 14 years old.)” (Ref. 35G)
The newlyweds “remained in Caroline County until their first child, Thompson Ware, was born in 1769. They then moved to Frederick County and continued to live there until 1791.” (Ref. 35G, 602, 2350)
showing Frederick County (in blue)
Caty soon gave birth to a second son in Frederick County. Named after both his father and grandfather, James Ware III was born on January 13, 1771. (Ref. 1, 2, 6, 621, 940) He would be followed shortly by five other children, and it would seem that for every year Caty was pregnant, a milestone was met in the formation of the new country for which the colonists were fighting. Mary Todd (called Polly) Ware was born in 1772, the year that three radical proclamations asserting the rights of the colonies to self-rule were presented by Samuel Adams. In 1773, the year of the Boston Tea Party, another daughter, Lucy Ware, was born. Charles was born when the first shot was fired in 1775, Kitty arrived while the war still raged in 1777, and even baby George came into the world before the fighting finally ceased and peace was won.” (Ref. 56, 173) It was a turbulent time in which to raise a family.
Military records show that James II was “a cavalry soldier in a Virginia unit” and he is listed as a Revolutionary War Patriot. (Ref. 629,834) One can assume his skills as a physician were put to use in many capacities. (See records below)
RECORDS FOR JAMES WARE II
James Ware of King and Queen, E.
James Ware 2 VA State Regiment, E (Ref. 2388)
(Ref. 2489) Request form for Revolutionary war record of James Ware
Dr. Ware did military service in Winchester, where he and Caty had their home. “There is a deed on file in the courthouse there for property bought by James Ware in 1781. The deed conveys to him half an acre of land in Winchester, Virginia for 2,000 pounds of tobacco; Virginia money.” (Ref. 2, 334) Caty would find herself in the very middle of much of the war activities.
Winchester was the county seat for Frederick County. George Washington had supervised the construction of Fort Loudoun there in 1756, and it was often thought to be the most formidable fort on Virginia's colonial frontier. “After the surrender of Burgoyne, in 1777, many of his men were sent to a military prison, at Winchester, others were quartered at Albemarle Barracks (now Charlottesville). The prisoners taken at the Cowpens were also sent to Winchester, as were likewise the soldiers in the army of Cornwallis.”(Ref. 2557)
On January 8, 1782, it is recorded that James, “along with Edward Smith and other inhabitants of Winchester, communicated with the Executive of Virginia. They were setting forth reasons why the British prisoners in barracks near Winchester should not be moved.” (Ref. 372) By this time, Caty had delivered her last child.
The years spent in Frederick County had been fruitful ones. For a little over 20 years, from 1770 to 1791, James and Caty had vested themselves in the community and lifestyle of northern Virginia. As a large landowner in the area, James was expected to fulfill certain civic responsibilities as well as military ones, and he not only owned property in Winchester, but “there are also Virginia documents that state, “a large marsh on Chapel Run is mentioned in the deed from Colonel Hugh Nelson to James Ware in 1788 for 478 acres of land whereon the said James Ware now lives.” (Ref. 320) The following excerpt from Virginia Roots in Kentucky Soil provides us information about the duties that accompanied such land holdings:
“In October 1772, James Ware was appointed overseer of the road leading from Berry’s Ferry (where US Route 50 crosses the Shenandoah River) to Winchester. Part of this old road is still in use and crosses the road leading from Boyce to Old Chapel near New Market.” (Ref. 203, 272, 322) General Daniel Morgan, an American pioneer, soldier, and United States representative from Virginia, had previously been the overseer and James succeeded him. (Ref. 203, 272, 322) In 1785, General Morgan petitioned the court of Frederick County to have this road changed so that it would pass by a mill being built at that time in Millwood. “Upon the petition of Daniel Morgan, praying for a road to be opened from James Ware’s fence between the Chapel road and the road to Berry’s Ferry, by a new mill to be erected on Burwell’s land, it was ordered that Marquis Calmes, William Ball, Charles Webb, and Isaac Webb or any three of them do view the ground and report the conveniences and inconveniences which would attend the altering of the said Chapel Road so as to be by the said mill.” (Ref. 249) In May of the same year, the court approved Morgan’s petition.
Map showing property of Dr. James Ware
in Frederick Co., Virginia
Map showing property of Dr. James Ware in Frederick Co., Virginia
Along with community obligations, military service, and raising a family, James and Caty maintained a solid and committed religious life. Their future would find the couple embracing a different faith in Kentucky, but they were faithful members of the Episcopal Church during those years spent in Virginia. Reverend Alexander Balmain, “who had been a chaplain in the army, was chosen as minister for Frederick Parish by the Episcopal vestry and elected immediately after the Revolutionary War.” (Ref. 708) He was also a personal family friend who wrote a journal providing much information about the church and the Ware family. His entries included a list of subscribers in the congregation for September 1782 through September 1784. “Subscribers invariably meant contributors to the support of the minister, and under the title ‘subscribers paid in money’ was the name of James Ware.” (Ref. 242, 708) The congregation first met in the McMahon home, but building soon began on a church. “Around 1791, many of the members, perhaps all, joined the Old Chapel congregation.” (Ref. 706, 1000) Since that is the same year James moved to Kentucky, it is hard to know if he ever actually attended services in Old Chapel.
Old Chapel Episcopal Church
In the fall of 1784, Dr. Ware (i.e., James II) decided to visit Kentucky for the first time, and he remained there all that winter. (Ref. 35G, 334) John Adams, John Jay, and Benjamin Franklin had negotiated the Treaty of Paris the previous year, thus ending the eight-year war with Great Britain. Peace was finally at hand.
With that peace, James and other American soldiers looked forward to reaping the rewards of a free people. This new country, however, was still trying to get its feet on the ground and money was in short supply. “Revolutionary soldiers of Virginia were unpaid, and the state used her western lands to settle these debts.” (Ref. 2254) It was a satisfying arrangement for all. “Awarding bounty land as an inducement for enlisting in the military forces had been a long-standing practice in the British Empire in North America. A land bounty is a grant of land from a government given as a reward to repay citizens for the risks and hardships they endured in the service of their country.” (Ref. 2110) All colonists knew well the value of land - - it was the measuring rod of wealth in this new world.
The first warrants “were issued about the year 1784,” which would explain why James chose that year to visit Kentucky. (Ref. 2491) Opportunities for prosperity were boundless with the possession of these land grants, and in May of 1779, the Virginia General Assembly passed laws that expanded the land patenting process to include acquisitions by treasury warrants. From October 1779 to December 1783, over 23,000 of these treasury warrants were purchased from the Virginia Land Office or authorized by the state General Assembly by special legislation. James was the owner of several of those warrants.
To understand the land grants, it is important to remember that the country looked much different in the 1700s than it does today. The newly formed Congress, in creating the Ordinance of 1787, “established the precedent by which the United States would expand westward across North America by the admission of new states, rather than by the expansion of existing states. What was then known as the Northwest Territory was organized out of the region south of the Great Lakes, north and west of the Ohio River, and east of the Mississippi River.” (Ref. Wikipedia) This was a monumental decision on the part of (what used to be) the original 13 colonies because it shifted forever the boundaries and powers of each state. It showed tremendous forethought on the part of the nation’s leaders at the time.
According to Wikipedia, “in October 1784, Virginia ceded to the nation the vast territory northwest of the Ohio River, but there were two major stipulations attached to the deal. One demand was that the Northwest Territory had to be divided, eventually, into new states (later determined to be Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, and the portion of Minnesota east of the Mississippi River).” The second stipulation was that the Virginia Military District, which included the area east of the Little Miami River and west of the Scioto River, was to be used to fulfill land grants promised to those Virginia soldiers who had done service in the Continental Army during the war. The federal government agreed to Virginia’s requests when it accepted the state’s offer of land in 1784.
Map showing how different the state boundaries looked in the 1700s
Article 5 of the Ordinance of 1787 specifically addressed this issue of creating separate states.
The two maps above show how differently the state boundaries looked after the land was ceded.
Most of what we know of as ‘Kentucky’ today was simply a part of Virginia in the 1700s. In 1776, the frontier county of Fincastle, Virginia, was dissolved and renamed Kentucky County, Virginia. Then “Kentucky County was divided by the Virginia legislature in 1780 to form the counties of Fayette, Jefferson, and Lincoln.” (Ref. 864)
Map showing the division of Fincastle Virginia into Kentucky County in 1776
There were still further divisions for Kentucky, which “occurred on May 1, 1785, when Fayette County was divided into two parts, the northern section being called Bourbon and the southern section keeping the name of Fayette. The first courthouse in 1787 was in Hopewell; renamed Paris on December 1, 1790.” (Ref. 941)
Map showing division of Kentucky counties
In 1788, Woodford County was then formed out of Fayette County. (Ref. 864) The city of Versailles, near Lexington, was carved out of Fayette in 1792 and became the county seat of Woodford County. Many of the names that appear in early Kentucky towns reflect the great influence France had with the colonies during the war. General Marquis Calmes, a friend of the beloved Marquis de Lafayette, the man so instrumental in obtaining the support of France during the Revolutionary War, was an associate of the Wares in Virginia. He founded the city of Versailles, Kentucky, using the name of “Versailles” (one of his favorite cities in France) as a way to honor his Huguenot ancestry.
(Ref. 2543) Courtesy of Neal O. Hammon)
It was into these counties the Ware family eventually settled: “Thompson settled in Paris, James and Caty homesteaded in Fayette County around Lexington, Charles lived near Versailles, George in the homestead, Lucy Webb the adjoining farm, Polly Webb near Paris, James Ware I in Woodford County, and Catherine Ware Scott in Frankfort.” (Ref. 299)
As written in Virginia Roots in Kentucky Soil, “Many members of the Ware family had served in the Revolutionary War and, consequently, many found themselves the proud owners of new lands offered in the wilderness of Kentucky. It was a wonderful opportunity for families to become part of a newly organized society. If relatives moved together at the same time and made their holdings on adjoining properties, they could virtually create small ‘dynasties’ where neighbors were family and family were neighbors. Such was the case with James Ware II.” (Ref. 2350)
The Ware and Webb families were good examples of those who traveled together. Dr. Ware and Caty had two daughters who married into the Webb family, making them bound not only by friendship but by blood. Both Webb brothers had fought in the war and received land grants, as did James. Fayette County papers reflect that both families settled close to each other. “Ware’s military survey, done in 1782, [was] of 1,000 acres of land in the neighborhood, on or near Cane Run.” (Ref. 1033, 1072) Isaac Webb had “enlisted in the Revolutionary army at the age of 17, served to its close, attained the rank of Captain, and received land from Virginia as well.” (Ref. 174) Isaac, however, had also re-enlisted so he “received 2,666 2/3 acres of land for three years’ service; also an annual pension of $320.00 from May 31, 1833 until his death.” (Ref. 6, 174) According to Cornelia Ware Anker, “it was partly by Isaac Webb’s persuasion that the move was made.” (Ref. 2)
With “payment” for military service in hand, there were still four major steps that had to be accomplished before owning the land patent. One needed the actual (1) “warrant” to obtain authorization for a survey, (2) an entry number to reserve the land for patenting, (3) the performance of the actual field survey done by “a regularly appointed County Surveyor,” and finally, (4) the ‘Governor’s Grant’ or signature which would seal the deal.
(Ref. 2536) Easy formula to remember
The surveyor needed the following information in order to do his job - “the proposed boundary in numbers of acres, on some particular watercourse, and in one of the original counties.” (Ref. 2284) It was possible for a person to have several warrants (1) in their possession, but unless the other criteria (2, 3, and 4) were met, the land was not legally theirs.
The warrant recipient also had choices regarding disposition of their land. Some “assigned their land to sons or other relatives, while others sold their ‘interest and title’ in the land to some pioneer and his family, or to some real estate speculator.” (Ref. 2491) In the case of one man, he was awarded over 15 warrants but he chose to patent only 11 of them. He probably just sold off the other parcels if they did not benefit his estate.
This warrant is a good example of one which James, obviously, chose not to keep. He signed this warrant for 300 acres of land over to Benjamin Combs.
#4237 “I assign the within warrant to
Ben Combs & his heirs at witness
Some warrants were “made for veterans of the French and Indian War, their heirs, or assignees. Surveys for officers were usually in 1000 or 2000-acre tracts, but thirteen were for 3000 acres, one for 5000 acres, and one for 6000 acres. There were only two 50-acre surveys made on warrants to private soldiers and fourteen 200-acre surveys made on warrants to sergeants. These surveys were usually called military surveys. Hancock Taylor made 30 of these surveys, James Douglas made 23, Isaac Hite made 3, and the remainder were made by John Floyd. Many of these survey descriptions mention the names of the men who had adjacent surveys.” It was also recorded at some point that “the present Iron Works Pike was the base line used by John Floyd to lay out many of his surveys along Elkhorn Creek.” (Ref. EARLY KENTUCKY LAND RECORDS, 1773-1780 by Neal O. Hammon)
A deposition of Robert Johnson, taken at the Kentucky Hotel in Lexington on June 10, 1812, gave a detailed description of the location of the Ware property. Johnson stated, “The Ironworks Road runs by the corner of Ware’s, Christian’s, and Meredith’s military surveys, which road crossed the road from Lexington to Georgetown and Henry Mill Road (now the Newtown Pike.) The corner to Ware’s and Christian’s military survey is below Georgetown Road near Hutchison’s Tavern, and the greater part of Christian’s and Meredith’s lines are above the same road from Lexington to Georgetown. I believe these surveys were well known to people of Bryant’s Station and Lexington as early as 1781-1782. Robert Johnson bought a settlement and preemption of Bryant which joined Ware’s, Christian’s, and Floyd’s, also part of Patrick Henry’s military survey and in 1783 he settled where he now lives at the Great Crossing.” (Ref 1072 & 1033)
The following is a land warrant belonging to James Ware II that contains the (1) warrant, (2) entry date, (3) survey, and the (4) grant with the final seal.
Land warrant dated March 22, 1780, for
three thousand acres of land purchased for the price of twelve hundred pounds
Entry date written on the back
James Ware 3000 acres
Survey below was done for the above land warrant (#4234) – Interesting note: The transaction for 1000 acres was notated on the original claim and entered on June 16, 1780; then the claim was re-filed on June 24, 1780.
“Surveyed July 23, 1783 for James Ware upon a Treasury Warrant #4234”
Entered June 24, 1780, and amended on December 12, 1782, when the transaction for 1000 acres took place.
Although only the front part of the above
final Warrant #4384 was available for copy, the registration number and survey
note tell us that it was for 1500 acres of land, and the survey was done in
1783. Governor Patrick Henry signed the final paperwork.
Although only the front part of the above final Warrant #4384 was available for copy, the registration number and survey note tell us that it was for 1500 acres of land, and the survey was done in 1783. Governor Patrick Henry signed the final paperwork.
Final paperwork signed by Governor Patrick Henry
Obviously, the final warrant for 1500 acres takes into account the 1000 acres James chose to remove or sell.
It is mentioned in the document that it is “in consideration of part of a Land Office Treasury Warrant No. 4336” – making this now patent #4384.
The following is a transcription of the above document signed by Patrick Henry, giving a wonderful description of the location of the land James Ware purchased and showing the manner in which distances were measured.
“Patrick Henry, Esq., Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia, to all to whom these present shall come, greeting - Know ye that by virtue and in consideration of part of a Land Office Treasury Warrant No. 4336 offered the 22nd Day of March, 1780 there is granted by the said Commonwealth unto James Ware, a certain land or parcel of land, consisting 1,500 acres by Survey bearing date the 23rd day of July 1783, lying and being in the County of Fayette on the dividing Ridge between Stoner’s and Hingston’s Forks of Licking and bordered as follows – to and beginning at 2 Buckeyes and a Walnut standing in an ancient marked line and a corner to Morgan and Ashby, thence South 70 degrees east, 520 poles to a Shugar Tree and Line by a Drain a Corner to Ann Churchill, thence North 34 degrees East at 238 poles crossed a branch course - continued in all 482 poles to a black Walnut and Cherry tree standing in an Open Flatt – thence North 70 degrees West and 154 poles crossed a branch at 220 poles crossed another Course, continued in all 520 poles to a Honey Locust and Hickory – thence South 34 degrees West to 282 poles to the Beginning with its appointments to have and to hold the said tract or parcel of land with its appointments to the said James Ware and his heirs forever. In witness whereof the said Patrick Henry, Esquire, Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia hath hereto set his hand and attached the Proper Seal of the said Commonwealth of Virginia to be affixed at Richmond . . . .”
We know that as of “August 14, 1786, James owned 1500 acres on the dividing ridge between Stoners and Hingston’s Fork of Licking.” (Ref.948)
Below are maps of Old Kentucky -
Forks of Licking River X Kentucky River
Licking River where it joins the Ohio
Dr. Ware and Caty settled in a wonderful location. In his work titled, The American Geography, Jedidiah Morse wrote the following description of the area in 1794:
“Elkhorn river, a branch of the Kentucky, from the south-east, waters a country fine beyond description. Indeed, the country east and south of this, including the head waters of Licking river, Hickman's and Jessamine Creeks, and the remarkable bend in Kentucky river, may be called an extensive garden. The soil is deep and black, and the natural growth, large walnuts, honey and black locust, poplar, elm, oak, hickory, sugar tree, &c. Grape vines run to the tops of the trees; and the surface of the ground is covered with clover, blue grass, and wild rye. On this fertile track, and the Licking River, and the head waters of Salt River, are the bulk of the settlements in this country.”
(On left) Elkhorn Creek from
suspension footbridge, near Frankfort
Although the locale was promising, it did not come without risks. As the Kentucky historical site explains, “In the late 1700s, early settlers to Kentucky had to fight for their survival. They came from the east to claim the land and build up settlements out of the wilderness. Life was hard and dangerous. For many, their best hope for survival was in a fort. These forts, and smaller structures called stations, were the beginnings of today’s Kentucky towns.” (Ref. Web)
Lexington Fort (Station)
The elegant homes that would one day dot the landscape were certainly not in existence when James first came to Kentucky in 1784. “A few of the new arrivals on the frontier were what must be described as members of well-to-do, influential families. Mostly they came west to preempt large tracts of land with warrants issued by Virginia. . . .” (Ref. 2573) Such was the case with Dr. Ware and his family. There were many benefits in moving to Kentucky, but the journey to get there would require that the family give up any comfort, luxury, or safety they had known in Virginia.
As Theodore Roosevelt wrote in 1889, “The settlement of Kentucky was a much more adventurous and hazardous proceeding than had been the case with any previous westward extension of population from the old colonies; because Kentucky, instead of abutting on already settled districts, was an island in the wilderness, separated by two hundred miles of unpeopled and almost impassable forest.” (Ref.867) The Wares traveled through this area for several months before reaching their final destination.
The advance preparations made in earlier years by Dr. Ware’s sons, Thompson and James Ware III, were a huge help for the weary travelers. “Several of the men had been out before, clearing the land and preparing a shelter for them on land near where the city of Lexington now stands.” (Ref. 3) One of these sons later wrote that his father “had, previous to the move, sent out some Negroes and an overseer to make a settlement and clear some ground. . . .” (Ref. 35G, 299) Even with the advance planning, the family still encountered rough surroundings when they finally arrived at their new home. As Cornelia described it, the home the Wares built was “at first a settlement and some cleared land; the line of Fayette and Bourbon counties ran through their house. This was near Lexington.” (Ref. 2) It would be several years before Lexington would come close to resembling the more “civilized” towns they had left behind.
Settlers coming from Virginia into Kentucky used one of two routes. James’ parents, James Sr. and Agnes Todd Ware, had made their migration earlier by way of the “Wilderness Road,” a trail that went through the Cumberland Gap. “A settler’s choice of routes depended partly on where they started, how prosperous they were (the river route being more expensive than the overland route) and other factors. But one critical factor affected all settlers coming into Kentucky - safety in numbers. Settlers tended to make the long trek in large companies, often composed of family and friends from the same neighborhood.” (Ref. Wikipedia) James and Caty chose to travel by flatboat down the Ohio. Their daughter, Polly, would later report “they descended the Ohio in flat boats in momentary apprehension of being attacked by the Indians.” (Ref.602)
The family had every right to be fearful because shortly before their move, from 1783 to 1790, there had been “no less than 1,500 authenticated instances of men, women and children being killed or captured by the Indians in the sparsely settled Kentucky.” (Ref. 904) Even “as late as 1793, a party of hunters were pursued by the Indians to within five miles of Frankfort.” (Ref. 1026) The flatboats, built with green timber and put together with wooden pegs, were hardly a comfortable way to travel, let alone being safe. (Ref. 903, 904)
Upon arrival, most new settlers started out with a simple log cabin as their first form of shelter. “Since there were no sawmills or stone cutters in the vicinity, the main source of building material came from the local forests and was assembled with the use of the broad ax and strong arms. The builders dug a square trench two feet deep with dimensions as large as desired. The logs were fastened together with wooden pegs; round logs were halved together at corners and woofed [crossed or enter-twined] with logs or with bark and thatch on poles. This made for a good shelter, especially when the cracks were ‘chinched’ with clay.” (Ref. 960) This was sometimes the only home for years to come.
(The word “chinching” was actually a nautical term. It referred to the process of pressing oakum into a seam as a temporary measure until the seam could be properly caulked.)
We know from a letter, written in 1812 to James Ware III in Virginia, that Thompson, grandson of James Ware I, was “still very slow lived in his old cabin” even at that date. Thompson eventually built a beautiful home, but he was among those early settlers who started from scratch. (Ref.740)
It certainly was not long, however, before James and Caty became involved in their new community. According to a 1792 letter, the family “moved to Kentucky in the spring . . . and arrived at their new home on the 16th of June, 1791.” (Ref. 35G, 334, 2247) The History of Pioneer Lexington reports that by December 8, 1792, “James Ware was appointed one of the Justices for Fayette County.” (Ref. 2288)
Dr. Ware and Caty homesteaded on land in Fayette County “that he subsequently lived and died on.” (Ref. 299) The following maps show the location of his property.
Maps showing location of James Ware land – courtesy of the Kentucky Historical Society
Notice the names of David’s Fork, David’s Fork Church, & Ware
Notice “Ware Crossing” and David’s Fork
Bryant Station Pike Briar Hill Pike (Rd) Houston and Antioch David’s Fork
W.G. Stannard, a 19th century author, recorded the following information concerning the property of James: “In 1792, Dr. Ware and the Webb families built three homes on the old Ironworks Pike, just east of the Bryan Station Pike. The Dr. James Ware house still stands at the intersection of the Briar Hill Pike and (new) Antioch Pike." (Ref. 939) With time and growth, the names would change. “The road markers in Fayette County, as of 1998, showed that road as the Houston-Antioch Road and a current map shows the name as Antioch Road, most of it is in Bourbon County.” (Ref. 944)
Current Maps (as of 2010) showing location of the property of Dr. James Ware
Road signs near Ware property – Photos taken by James and Judy Ware 2010
Cornelia Anker wrote, “I have been told that the Wares [were] very influential and wealthy in Kentucky.”(Ref. 2) She was informed correctly. A large part of the success of the family came as a result of owning good property. Water was an essential attribute, but the soil and topography of the land also contributed to its richness. “Geographically, the location of Lexington was fortunate in that the town became the transportation hub of the state. Nearly all the early Kentucky trails and roads passed through or near this settlement. Commerce going to and from the surrounding settlements, except that which went by river, passed through Lexington. Not only was Lexington the highway focus of the state but it likewise became commercially the ‘queen city’ of the West, a position it maintained until 1818 when Louisville, as a river town, began effectively to drain it of its commercial resources.” (Ref. 2254)
Lexington was, indeed, a good place to settle, but several of James and Caty’s offspring put down their new roots in different sections of Kentucky; properties equally as favorable and still relatively close by. All of their children, with the exception of James III who returned to Virginia, would make Kentucky their final home.
The following pages provide details on the children of James and Caty Todd Ware:
1. Thompson Ware - In hindsight, it seems ironic that the first child of James and Caty (Thompson) was born the same year that Daniel Boone began exploring Kentucky - the eventual final resting place for so many of the Ware family. As a child, Thompson was raised and educated in Virginia with his younger brother James III. (Ref 35E) He visited Kentucky when he was about 20 years old, and it was there he met and married his wife, Sallie Conn. “He settled near Paris, which later became the county seat for Bourbon County.” (Ref. 299, 845) As his nephew, Josiah Ware, once said, “Thompson Ware went to Kentucky as an Indian fighter when Cincinnati was just two or three cabins and some stumps.” (Ref. 299)
Thompson and Sallie were married in 1799; he was 30 years old and she was 18. (Ref. 1070, 2112, 2113) They flourished in Bourbon County and had a very large family. As he wrote in a letter to his niece back in Virginia, “we have had twelve children – eleven living and eight of them daughters. Our youngest is a son; one year old. Our families are all in Kentucky, except yours [referring to James], where we can at least see one another once or twice a year. And your Aunt Polly Webb lives within a mile, where we can see each other every week.” (Ref. 35E)
The following data pertains to the 12 children of Thompson and Sallie (grandchildren of James and Caty and great grandchildren of James and Agnes.) For a more in-depth history, please refer to Virginia Roots in Kentucky Soil, the sequel to this book.
Catherine Todd Ware – Catherine, better known as Kitty, was obviously named for her grandmother, Caty Todd. Born in 1799, she married Grant Allen on October 24, 1830, when she was 31 years old. (Ref. 967, 1074) “He had previously been married to Kitty’s younger sister, but tragically, Polly died very suddenly after the birth of their first child.” (Ref. 2350) As her Aunt Lucy wrote in a letter dated in 1830, “Kitty takes care of the baby as if it were her own.” (Ref. 597) Grant and Kitty eventually moved to Missouri, where Kitty died of consumption in 1863 at almost 64 years of age. (Ref. 691, 1070)
Thomas Ware - Sallie delivered a son in 1801. Thomas wed Harriet Miller in 1823 at the age of 22. He “began as a merchant in 1824 . . . and continued for 10 years.” (Ref. 2114) During the Civil War, on July 17, 1862, Thomas “was killed in a fight at Cynthiana against the attack of John H. Morgan’s men and in defense of his government.” (Ref. 1070) According to the personal war record of General Richard Montgomery Gano, Thomas’ cousin, “Several Confederate soldiers hid behind some cars close to the depot and were fired at by the men in the second story window of the depot. The Confederates fired up at the men in the windows and a ball hit Thomas Ware, fracturing his jaw and going up through his brain and out the top of his head, which killed him. Ware was carried up to his home and laid out in the parlor. Gano went up to his residence and saw his wife and four daughters. He told them how much he regretted that his cousin had been killed.” (Ref. 2276) Thomas was 61 years old at the time of his death.
Cassandra Ware – Born in the winter of 1803, Cassandra was at the rather advanced age of 34 before she wed Samuel Woodson on November 8, 1837. (Ref. 597,967, 1070) “For the most part, couples married young. Life expectancy was short and adulthood came at an earlier age than today. A boy was considered a man at the age of 16. Any girl not married by the age of twenty was considered an old maid.” (Ref. 2116) It is of interest, however, that even though young people were expected to enter matrimony early in life, “whenever and wherever in 18th century Virginia there was a legal requirement that a person be of age (that is an adult) he or she must have reached his 21st birthday . . . . If either of the parties to be married was not of age, the consent of a parent or guardian was necessary.” (Ref. Web) Samuel Woodson had previously been married to Nancy H. Allen, but she died in 1833. He and Cassandra were married for 14 years before Cassandra died June 20, 1851, at the age of 48. (Ref. 1070, 2112)
Sarah Ware – Sally, as she was usually called, was born to the Wares in 1806. She married Robert Spotswood Russell on May 29, 1827. In a letter written to relatives back in Virginia, her Aunt Lucy described an incredibly difficult time Sally went though after the birth of her first baby:
“Your Uncle Thompson Ware’s daughter, Sally, has been as ill as ever any person was, to recover. She had a son and in three weeks, was taken ill with child-bed-fever. When her life was despaired of by her physician, Dr. Innes, (and every person that beheld her) they sent for Dr. Scott. They kept him three days there. Your Aunt Webb went from her last week. . . . When the doctor came, she said it really appeared like raising the dead. Sally was taken with strong convulsion fits in an hour after he got here – which lasted nearly two days; one after another. But before he came away, she began to mend slowly and has been mending ever since. She can now walk about the yard but not entirely come to her reason.” (Ref. 597) Sally did recover -- she did not die until 1884 at the age of 78.
Mary Ware - Thompson’s wife gave birth to another girl in 1808. They named her Mary, but just like Thompson’s sister, Mary Todd Webb, she quickly assumed the nickname of Polly. “At the age of 20, she married Grant Allen in December 1827. Sadly, Polly also had a difficult time with pregnancy; her experience ultimately resulting in her death on November 23, 1828.” (Ref. 2350) Lucy wrote about this news as well: “I suppose you heard his [Thompson’s] daughter, Polly Allen, died very suddenly. Her child was about 3 or 4 weeks old. She had been quite sick for two weeks, but Mary thought had gotten nearly well. Polly got up in the morning, put on her clothes, walked to the fire, fell sick, was carried to the bed, and died in a few minutes.” (Ref. 597)
The baby Polly delivered was the infant that her sister, Kitty, subsequently raised. “Childbed fever, also known as septic poisoning, was most likely the result of unsanitary conditions at the time of delivery. It also occurred when the mother was sometimes unable to expel the entire placenta. The afterbirth would soon become septic, resulting in death. This illness would claim the lives of many young mothers before medical science became advanced enough to understand its cause and cure.” (Ref. 2350)
Lucy Caroline Ware – Lucy Caroline was born in 1810. She married Henry Clay Bedford, a second cousin of Henry Clay, the statesman, on September 13, 1829. (Ref. 950, 1070, 1099) As her Aunt Lucy wrote, “Lucy Ware, another of your Uncle Thompson Ware’s daughters, has married Mr. Bedford. He married two of Mr. Blanton’s daughters – both of them died in childbed; I have no doubt of want of skill in their physicians. He then married Miss Hutchcraft; she had two children and died when the youngest was 6 months old. He then married Lucy Ware. I should have disliked being any man’s fourth wife, but he is a very clever man, not more than 26 years old, made an excellent husband and is quite independent. I hope she will do well.” (Ref. 782, 967,968) Lucy and Henry celebrated almost 30 years of marriage before Henry Clay Bedford died in 1858.
Davidella Ware – Born on February 18, 1812, Davidella (at age 17) became a member of Old Union Christian Church on January 11, 1829. In 1834, she became the wife of Asa Kentucky Lewis Bedford, and after their marriage, she “took letter” to transfer to another church on February 8, 1851. (Ref. 950, 1070, 2112, 2118) Asa was described as “a man of courage and convictions, with an amiable and strong force of a character; highly esteemed by his neighbors.” (Ref. 966, 2119) Davidella and Asa provided many grandchildren for Thompson and Sallie: (1) Mary Frances, (2) Thompson Ware, (3) James Henry, (4) Asa K. Lewis, (5) Charles Coleman, (6) Sallie, and (7) Louisa (called Lucy.) (Ref. 782) Before her death, Davidella operated a boarding house in Jefferson County, Kentucky. She passed away on June 22, 1877, at the age of 65. (Ref. 630, 782, 2118, 2120)
Just recently, a descendant of Davidella and Asa Bedford contacted me and provided some wonderful new information about this side of the family. I would like to express my deep gratitude to John and Judy McGee of Southeast Texas for sharing these treasures. Their line comes down from the eldest son, Thompson Ware Bedford, and all the following photographs were kindly and generously shared by them.
Davidella gave birth to Thompson Ware Bedford on November 27, 1836 - obviously naming him after her father. Thompson “graduated from the medical department of the University of Louisville in March, 1861; began the practice of medicine in Washington Co., in April 1861,” and devoted his whole life to his profession of healing. (Ref. Hayes Library) He married Mildred Houtchens in October, 1860. They had the following children who lived to adulthood: Samuel Wibel Bedford, Ella Stuart Bedford, Willis H. Knox Bedford, Harriet (Hattie) Orian Bedford, and Henry Ware Bedford.
Susan Mildred Houtchens Bedford, wife of Dr. Thompson Ware Bedfordd
Photo courtesy of John and Judy McGee of Southeast Texas.as.
Dr. Thompson Ware Bedford died in 1909 and Mildred passed away in 1915. Judy McGee, the descendent (by marriage) of Thompson and Mildred, shared a wonderful story with me about the Bedford’s daughter, Ella. The family still owns a heart-shaped locket that belonged to Ella with her initials “ESB” engraved on it. Judy “wore it in her wedding per John's request and both her daughters and daughter-in-law wore it in their weddings.” What a cherished heirloom!
Below are some of the children of Thompson and Mildred Bedford – making them grandchildren of Davidella Ware and Asa Bedford, great grandchildren of Thompson and Sallie Ware, and great great grandchildren of James and Caty Todd Ware.
Samuel Wible Bedford and Ella Stuart Bedford McGee Bedford
Willis H. Knox
Photos courtesy of John and Judy McGee of Southeast Texas.
Another one of Davidella and Asa’s
children, Dr. James Henry Ware,
Hill B. Bedford and Floy Bedford
Photos courtesy of John and Judy McGee of Southeast Texas
James Thompson Ware - Born on December 23, 1814, James married Patsy Bedford (sister of Henry Clay Bedford and Asa Kentucky Lewis Bedford) in 1844. (Ref. 1070, 2118) All three Bedford siblings were second cousins of Henry Clay. The 1850 Federal Census of Bourbon County stated that “James T. and wife, Patsy, are living with James’ mother and father, Sallie Conn and (Colonel) Thompson Ware.” The land they were residing on “was originally part of Thomas Conn’s tract that Sallie Ware had inherited from her father.” (Ref. 2122) At the time of this census, James was 35, Patsy was 25, and they had three very small children of their own: a son named Thompson and two daughters, Sallie and Lucy. (Ref. 2123) It was also in 1850 that “James T. Ware joined the Church of Christ at Old Union by confession of faith and baptism.” (Ref. 2112, 2118, 2124) Patsy had already been a member of the church before she married James, having “joined by confession on July 10, 1842.” (Ref. 2124) The young couple eventually had three more children: Mary (1852), Henry Bedford (1853), and James Thomas (1858). James Thompson Ware and Patsy eventually inherited the family home of Thompson and Sallie, which was called ‘Rose Hill’ at the time. (Ref. 740, 2290) James died on September 30, 1871. (Ref. 964)
The oldest son ofJames and Patsy, Thompson, was born September 16, 1845. He married Alice Edwards in November 1871, and they provided three great grandchildren for the senior Wares: James Thompson (1873-1930), Edward (1875), and Patty (1879), who married Leonard Cook. Thompson died in 1899 of heart disease at age 54. Alice lived to be 91, dying May 19, 1945.
James Thompson Ware (son of Thompson and Alice and grandson ofJames and Patsy) married Pearl Craig. He died (age 57) on September 15, 1930, in Cynthiana, Kentucky.
Graves for James and Pearl
he youngest son ofJames and Patsy Ware was James Thomas Ware – born in 1858. James married twice: Emma Macey was his first wife and Cora Richmond his second. James had a career as a veterinarian in Kansas City, Missouri. Sadly, he also died of a heart attack at a young age. (See death certificate in supporting documents.) He passed away on March 22, 1921, just shy of his 63rd birthday.
A daughter of James and Patsy (named Sallie) married Robert Younger Berry in 1868. They had these children: (1) Lewis Berry, (2) James Ware Berry, (3) John Berry, and (4) Robert Younger Berry, Jr.
Frances Ann Ware – Frances was born in 1816. (Ref. 1070) In 1840, at the age of 24, she (like her siblings) joined the family church at Old Union Christian Church. Seven years later, she married John Hill on December 30, 1847. Frances died in 1892 at the age of 76.
The family bible states that there was a 10th child born to Sallie and Thompson on January 3, 1819. The baby was a boy but he stayed unnamed. It seems safe to assume he was probably stillborn. (Ref. 1070) It would also explain why Thompson later wrote “we have had twelve children – eleven living.” (Ref. 35E)
Eliza H. Ware - Eliza, born in 1822, joined the family church at the same time Frances did, in 1840. She married William D. Crockett nine years later, on July 5, 1849. Eliza only lived to be 39 years old, dying in 1861.
Charles William Ware - The last child born to Thompson and Sallie, Charles William Ware, arrived on the exact birth date as his older brother, James Thompson - - just 10 years later. Sallie was 43 years old when she delivered this baby on December 23, 1824, and Thompson was 55. In a letter written by Thompson’s sister, she wrote, “Charles William I suppose never will walk a smart child. He was taken sick and continued so for a year. His head enlarged (opened) when he was sick at about two years old. He has never walked since; his head very large now. Whether he took too much calomel or what, I don’t know.” (Ref. 35)
The following excerpt from Virginia Roots in Kentucky Soil provides information on the effects of too much use of calomel.
“Calomel was a primitive medicine used in the late 1700s and early 1800s. It was basically mercurous chloride, and was often used as a purging remedy for diseases such as typhoid. Sadly, little was known at the time about the dangers of mercury poisoning. People believed that whatever illness someone was afflicted with could be aided by ‘draining’ out the body by bloodletting, using leeches, or inducing dramatic diarrhea. Calomel was one of the harsh laxatives used. Although very small doses may have actually produced some medical benefits in certain cases, the very large doses that were often prescribed indiscriminately produced terrible side effects and were frequently lethal. It is possible that this caused Charles’ health problems. It is also possible he may have had a condition like hydrocephalus, which is manifested as too much fluid on the brain. Whatever the diagnosis, the young boy only lived to be 10 years old, dying on October 30, 1834.” (Ref. 2350)
Thompson, patriarch of the above children, had been seven years old when the Revolutionary War began, and one can be sure he grew up hearing all about the battles and military exploits of his father and grandfather. As a grown man, he also did military service “as a captain in the 13th Regiment of the state militia from 1804 to 1805.”
Then, during the War of 1812, Thompson experienced the hardships of war himself when he “served with the 71st Regiment and attained the rank of colonel.” (Ref. 968) Thomas Conn, the father-in-law of Thompson, “owned approximately 2000 acres of land in Centerville, Kentucky, on the immediate west side of the intersection of Russell Cave Road and the Georgetown Pike.” (Ref. 782) When Thompson and Sallie first married, “they received part of Thomas Conn’s huge tract of land,” and it was here that they raised their large family. (Ref. 2024)
Sign for Russell Cave Road
Sign for Paris, Kentucky
Photos courtesy of James & Judy Ware 2009
Thompson and Sallie “attended the Union Church [Christian Church denomination] about 2 miles south of the Centerville crossroads. The original building is gone now.” (Ref. 2112) Sallie had joined the church first on November 11, 1826, and Thompson soon followed on February 10, 1827. He also served as a deacon. (Ref. 2118)
Below is the membership agreement that congregants signed upon joining the church. This information was found in the Union Church records and kindly provided by Debbie McArdle of Illinois.
List of additional members
List of additional members (Ref. 2352)
Markers on the front of the church
One of the ministers who served at the church during these years was Reverend John Allen Gano, the husband of Sallie’s niece (Mary Catherine Webb Conn) by her brother, William Conn. He performed the weddings for five of the Ware daughters: Cassandra, Kitty, Davidella, Eliza, and Lucy. (Ref. 967, 1070, 2112, 2350)
Thompson and Sallie were married for 52 years before Sallie died on November 26, 1851. Thompson lived one year longer, dying on September 9, 1852, at the age of 84. (Ref. 968, 2350) The following obituary was printed in “The Western Citizen” newspaper in Paris, Kentucky, on Friday, September 17, 1852:
1852: Died, at his residence, in this county, on the night
of the 9th inst., Col. Thompson Ware in the 84th year of
his age. Seldom are we called to record the death of one
so aged, whose life was so pure and faultless. Beloved and
honored by his fellow citizens, thro a long and exemplary life, he retained his
strong hold on the love and esteem of all who knew him.
For more than a quarter of a century he was a pious and devoted member and
officer of the Christian Church, in whose communion he died.
Short, indeed, was the separation between his and the spirit of his
excellent wife, which whom he lived so happily on earth more than half a
century. A large family of children and their offspring
are left to mourn, and with these a wide circle of friends and acquaintances,
may truly say with sadness “their like on earth for worth and goodness we shall
seldom see.” “If we believe that Jesus died and rose
again, we believe, also that all who sleep in Jesus, God will bring with Him.
1852: Died, at his residence, in this county, on the night of the 9th inst., Col. Thompson Ware in the 84th year of his age. Seldom are we called to record the death of one so aged, whose life was so pure and faultless. Beloved and honored by his fellow citizens, thro a long and exemplary life, he retained his strong hold on the love and esteem of all who knew him. For more than a quarter of a century he was a pious and devoted member and officer of the Christian Church, in whose communion he died. Short, indeed, was the separation between his and the spirit of his excellent wife, which whom he lived so happily on earth more than half a century. A large family of children and their offspring are left to mourn, and with these a wide circle of friends and acquaintances, may truly say with sadness “their like on earth for worth and goodness we shall seldom see.” “If we believe that Jesus died and rose again, we believe, also that all who sleep in Jesus, God will bring with Him.
Map showing Townsend Creek, Centerville, &
Russell Cave Road
According to old family letters “in the fall of 1784, James III with his father, James Ware II, visited Kentucky and remained there all that winter. This was at the time when people lived in stations [forts].” (Ref. 6,35G, 334) James was 13 by this time, and Kentucky was an adventure like nothing he had ever known before. The vast western frontier was a far cry from the “civilized” Virginia he knew.
Dr. Ware returned to the Old Dominion after the winter, but “in 1789, he revisited Kentucky and left his sons, Thompson and James III, there.” (Ref. 6, 35G) Thompson later wrote, “we got separated; James located at Louisville and I in the neighborhood of Lexington, when my age was 20 and his about 18 months younger. We would sometimes accidentally see one another in the course of a year or two for several years until he entered into marriage to your mother in Virginia.” (Ref.35E) James had “engaged with Mr. Johnson, the Clerk of Jefferson County, writing in his office until he became fully acquainted with the work.” (Ref. 6, 35G) He became quite successful and his son, Josiah William Ware, would later write of his father that he “owned a great part of the town.” (Ref. #299) His health, however, was a constant problem.
According to a correspondence written in 1831 by his brother, Charles Ware, James “returned to Virginia in the spring of the year that my father moved here, and accompanied us some days and then returned [to Virginia].” (Ref. 35) After his parents and siblings were safely in route to their new homes, James III did, indeed, head back to Frederick County. Josiah later wrote that “suffering from chills and fever undermined his health, so my father sold out his business and returned to Virginia where he farmed but never recovered his health.” (Ref. 299) Suffering from the chronic and often long-term symptoms of tuberculosis, James married twice, had several children, and lived another thirty years after his return.
The following is an excerpt from Virginia Roots in Kentucky Soil:
Upon his 1791 return to Virginia, however, James was hoping to obtain respite from his health issues and invest the money he had accrued in Kentucky in farming and horse breeding. On November 10, 1796, he married Elizabeth Alexander, the only daughter of Morgan and Elizabeth (Snickers) Alexander.
Elizabeth came from a wealthy family in Frederick County and already owned land that she had inherited from her mother. In 1803, James and Elizabeth decided to expand their holdings and “bought 401 acres in the heart of the Snicker’s tract from Elizabeth’s Uncle William for $14,011.00. The acreage included Snicker’s Ferry, Snicker’s Tavern, the blacksmith shop, and at least one mill.” (Ref. 28, 195, 200) With the wealth he had accrued in Kentucky combined with the acquisition of so much new property from Elizabeth, the Wares suddenly became one of the larger land owning families in the area.
It was on this property, bought from William Snickers, that James Ware III built his home. It was named Riverside because of its close proximity to the beautiful Shenandoah River. (Ref. 52) As described in a newspaper article in 1954, “Built before 1800, the old gray stone house commands a superb view of the Shenandoah River, winding through the Blue Ridge. The original house with beautiful stairway, paneling, and wood carving has been little changed. It was built by James Ware and inherited by his daughter.” (Ref. 507)
Map showing the location of Riverside and Ware’s Mill
View from the back door of Riverside, with the Blue Ridge Mountains on the
Directly across the road from Riverside was the mill that James ran as well. It was appropriately named “Ware’s Mill.” Both landmarks are still in existence today.
Photos taken by Judy Ware 2009
Elizabeth delivered her first baby on October 1, 1797, a year
after her marriage to James. The couple named their
James continued to fulfill his civic and family responsibilities, although the loss of Elizabeth must have seemed like a dark cloud overshadowing his happiness. In 1809, he was appointed as a justice of the peace; his home of Riverside needed continual attention; Ware’s Mill was still up and working; and in 1818, a Virginia newspaper reported that James had been given permission by the Virginia Senate to build a toll bridge over the Shenandoah River. There was no lack of things for him to do.
Toll road (Ref. 2532)
None of his business activities altered the fact, however, that when his wife
died, James was left with three children to care for - all under the age of
seven. In 1809, he married again.
His new wife was a cousin named Harriet Taylor, and their union provided
six more children:
Excerpt from family bible owned by James and Judy Ware
With the passing of both parents, the second set of Ware children found their lives forever changed. The oldest child from James’ first marriage, Sarah Elizabeth, had married and delivered her own first baby in 1821 - just one month before her father died. She became a widow the very next year - one month prior to the death of her stepmother. Charles Ware, at age 23, would die one year following the death of Harriet. Even Josiah, who was 19 when Harriet died, was considered by the courts to be an orphan and was put under the guardianship of Edward J. Smith until he reached the age of his majority (i.e., status of adulthood recognized by law).
LDS film 31455 Guardian Bonds of Frederick Co 1792-1865 James Ware deceased, orphan Josiah William Ware, guardian Edward J. Smith
That still left four orphans from the second union who needed a home. Harriet Ware (probably well aware of her fate) had already asked her brother, Bushrod Taylor, and his wife (Betsey Stribling Taylor) if they would raise the children in the event of her death. Bushrod had rented a small farm from his brother-in-law, James, when he had first moved to Clarke County, and he and Betsey (only married for five years) took in the Ware orphans.
With no children of her own, Betsey became a mother to these Ware siblings in every sense of the word. She “petted, loved, protected, and laughed with the children, striving to lessen their sense of loss.” (Ref. 900) It must have broken her heart to have to bury most of them. “Marshall was the third of the Ware orphans to die and his loss was the most difficult for Betsey to accept.” (Ref. 900) Lucy Catherine Ware was the only child of James and Harriet who lived to marry - her husband was Dr. William McGuire. They lived at Riverside, the home her father built in his youth. (Ref 590, 899, 900)
It was a tragic ending for the son of James and Caty and grandson of James and Agnes, but James’ branch of the Ware family tree would live on in his own son, Josiah Ware, who would eventually become one of the leading citizens of Frederick County.
3. Mary Todd Ware - James and Caty Ware had their third child on September 4, 1772. Her name was Mary Todd Ware, but she was forever known as Polly. Her middle name of “Todd” was most likely bestowed either in honor of Caty’s maiden name or the maiden name of Polly’s paternal grandmother, Agnes Todd Ware. Caty now had a busy household with a new baby, three-year-old Thompson, and one-year-old James.” (Ref. 2350)
Polly Ware, “like her siblings, grew up in Virginia. It was there she met and married Charles Webb on February 24, 1791, thus providing the first bridge between the Ware and Webb families that would later move to Kentucky together.” (Ref. 307, 621, 1067, 2350) Polly was 19 years old at the time of her wedding, and Charles was 36.
Excerpt from family bible showing marriage of Charles and Polly
Polly delivered her first child in Virginia, but all her other children would be born in Kentucky. The Webb family joined with the Wares for the big migration to their new home, and Polly often spoke to her children about this frightening trip. It is difficult to imagine the differences in life styles that must have emerged through this frontier adventure. The same year Polly was living with the fear of having her head scalped, Thomas Jefferson, in writing to his daughter Patsy, admonished her to remember that “from the moment you rise till you go to bed, be as cleanly and properly dressed as at the hours of dinner or tea. Nothing is so disgusting to men as a want of cleanliness and delicacy in women. I hope, therefore, the moment you rise from bed, your first work will be to dress yourself in such style, as that you may be seen by any gentleman without his being able to discover a pin amiss, or any other circumstance of neatness wanting . . . .” (Ref. 902) It is doubtful that Polly Ware was concerned about having a “pin amiss” on her trip to Kentucky.
Charles and Polly raised their large family in that harsh frontier environment, and they settled around the Versailles area in Fayette County. Polly’s older brother, Thompson, wrote that, “Your Aunt Polly Webb lives within a mile, where we can see each other every week.” (Ref. 35E)
Sign for Versailles
Polly Todd Ware Webb
The following provides insight into the family of Polly and Charles Webb. Again, for much more detailed information, please read Virginia Roots in Kentucky Soil.
Frances (Fanny) Webb – Born on December 20, 1791, Polly’s first baby was named Frances, but everyone called her Fanny. She was the only child of the union of Charles and Polly who was born in Virginia but died in Kentucky. Three days short of her 17th birthday, Fanny married William Conn on December 17, 1808, in Fayette County, Kentucky. (Ref. 941) William was the brother of Polly’s sister-in- law, Sallie Conn Ware, wife of Thompson.
Fayette Co. court record showing marriage of Fanny & William Conn. It was bonded by Isaac Webb, Polly’s brother.
Fanny Webb - Bellevue,
Home of William Conn
In a letter written by Charles Ware in 1811, he mentioned that “William Conn has settled between Thompson Ware’s and his father. [He] has built a brick house and cleared about 20 acres of land and put it in corn and hemp.” (Ref. 35B) The records show “all this land was around the headwaters of Townsend.” (Ref. 781) William named his lovely home Bellevue.
The Conns only had one child, Mary Catherine, born in 1810. When she was only two years old, her father went to fight in the War of 1812. William attained the rank of captain and “was in the Kentucky Mounted Volunteer Militia from August 31, 1813 to November 8, 1813 under command of Colonel William Mountjoy.” (Ref. 1055)
Fanny and William Conn were wed 18 years when Fanny died on September 23, 1826. In a letter to family in Virginia, Lucy Webb wrote, “Your aunt (Polly Webb) observed to me, with tears in her eyes, “O, if he [referring to the doctor] could have only seen Fanny, I think she would have got well.” (Ref. 597)
Mary Catherine was doted on by her widowed father and when she wed a Unitarian minister named John Allen Gano in 1827, “William gave the newlyweds a farm near his own, most likely the one known locally as Springdale.” (Ref 2350) This farm was “where his father, Thomas Conn, had settled in 1787, and where he lived and died in 1811.” (Ref. 782, 951) Later, when William Conn died at Bellevue in 1872, he bequeathed that beautiful estate to his only daughter - - so John and his wife then moved back to her childhood home. (Ref. 941)
Bellevue, home of William Conn
(and later John and Mary Catherine Gano)
Graves for William and Fannie Webb Conn – marker mentions that Fanny was born in Virginia on Dec. 20, 1791.
William Conn Obituary
Mary Catherine’s husband, Reverend John Allen Gano, came from a long line of religious leaders. He was greatly loved and officiated at the weddings of several of Mary Catherine’s cousins. (Ref. 782, 951) The couple had nine children, three of whom died in infancy. The offspring of John and Mary Catherine Gano (grandchildren of Polly) are as follows:
1. William Conn Gano – born at his grandfather’s home (Bellevue) on September 23, 1828 – died at Rural Glen in July 1863
2. Richard Montgomery Gano – born at Springdale on June 18, 1830 – served in the Civil War, attaining the rank of general - became a preacher in the Disciples of Christ church after the war. He died in 1913.
Photos of Richard Montgomery Gano
3. Fanny Conn Gano – born March 24, 1832 and married Noah Spears Jr. Fanny died at Springdale on February 4, 1850.
Grave for Fanny Conn Gano
4. Robert Ewing Gano – born June 1, 1834 - died in infancy
5. Stephen F. Gano – born April 25, 1836 – died in infancy
6. Franklin Marius Gano – born December 11, 1839 at Springdale – died near Taylor, Texas on February 12, 1881
7. Eliza G. Gano – born on October 19, 1841 – died in infancy
8. John Allen Gano – born July 21, 1845 at Springdale
9. Mary Eliza Gano – born June 10, 1848 at Springdale – wed Allin Buckner and died on August 4, 1877 at Bellevue (Ref. 2255)
Grave for Mary Eliza Gano Buckner
Mary Catherine predeceased John, who died October 14, 1887.
Polly and Charles Webb were well settled in Kentucky before more children came into their family. The next few years must have been heart breaking ones for Polly as she delivered a new infant just about every two years, only to watch them die. There was a seven year difference between the birth of their first child, Fanny, and the birth of the next child that would live to see adulthood.” (From Virginia Roots in Kentucky Soil)
Charles Henry Webb, Jr. - Finally, on July 2, 1798, the Webb family welcomed a son “who was strong enough to survive the harsh times in which he was born. They wanted a namesake for Charles so very much that they also named this fourth son Charles Henry Webb Jr. This Charles not only made it to adulthood, but he, fittingly, became a doctor.” (Ref. 2350)
At 29 years of age, Charles married Cassandra Frances Ford, the daughter of a wealthy family with a most colorful reputation. Cassandra’s father was James Ford, the notorious leader of the Ford’s Ferry Gang that operated out of Cave-In-Rock, a very large cave lying at the junction of where the Cumberland River meets the Ohio River.” (Ref. 2094, 2205, 2206, 2207, 2267) Ford was described as “one of the cleverest and most ruthless of American criminal masterminds.” (Ref. 2265)
Cassandra’s father led a somewhat “double life.” For a great deal of time, nobody connected him with crimes being committed against travelers on the river. He “had been elected a delegate to the Tennessee Constitutional Convention in 1795, he was Captain of the Livingston County Cavalry of the 24th Regiment of Kentucky Militia from July 1, 1799 to Dec. 15, 1802, he was justice of the peace of Deer Creek, Livingston Co., Kentucky in 1803, and in May 1809, the acting Governor of Illinois appointed Ford justice of the peace for Randolph County.” (Ref. 2267) James had all the appearances of a law-abiding citizen. Greed got the better of him, though.
Ford heard that a man named “Sam Mason would lure the flat boats into the cave [Cave-in-Rock] and then rob the occupants of their wares and kill them. Since the boats were carried by the river current as propulsion, they simply drifted right into Sam’s hands.” (Ref. 2094) Working behind the scenes, Ford expanded on the idea and actually used his standing in the community as a foil for, not only controlling the ferries, but side tracking any complaints that arose from victims that were lucky enough to make it through alive. He “owned Hurricane Island and a five hundred acre plantation” which was located at one of the most difficult navigation points on the river. (Ref. 2265) As author Boynton Merrill, Jr. wrote in 1976: “There was a ferry across the river at Hurricane Island controlled by James Ford - used as a depot for stolen horses and livestock and boats that had been deliberately wrecked and looted there.” (Ref. 2265)
Looking out from the cave - Cave-in-Rock
Eventually, James Ford was caught for his crimes, but the entire story of his shenanigans is quite fascinating. (To read a more detailed account of this, please see Virginia Roots in Kentucky Soil.)
Presumably, Cassandra and Charles were unaware of the details of how her father obtained his money. Charles worked hard at a thriving medical practice, and the couple had nine children: (1) Mary Susan, (2) Frances Conn, (3) James Philip, (4) Nancy Winifred, (5) Cannie, (6) Charles William, (7) Augusta Ware, (8)Charles Henry Webb III, and (9) another Cassandra.
Charles, a truly devoted son, visited his mother in Kentucky every year. In 1844, he decided to take two of his daughters, Cannie (age 11) and Nannie (age 12), with him for his usual trip. Cassandra, pregnant at the time, stayed home and the other children were either too young to undertake the journey or obligated to school. What should have been an exciting steamboat adventure for the girls turned into a harrowing nightmare. The original account of what happened was written by Augusta Ford Andrews, granddaughter of Dr. Charles Henry Webb. The following are excerpts from her story, kindly provided by descendant Sandra Walker. Again, the entire story may be found in Virginia Roots in Kentucky Soil.
“The devastating event occurred aboard a steamboat called ‘Lucy Walker,’ which was owned by Joe Vann. According to several sources, “at about 5 o’clock on October 23, 1844, the vessel’s engines stopped and she drifted mid-river about 4 or 5 miles below New Albany while some repairs went underway. Suddenly, the steamer’s three boilers exploded in a mighty blast, propelling shards of metal and pieces of human flesh . . . . The vessel caught fire and quickly sank . . . soon the water was filled with bodies of passengers and crew, both the living and the dead. Many were mangled or burned and survived only by rescue efforts of Captain L.B. Dunham and crew of the nearby snag-boat named Gopher. ” (Ref. 1097, 2202) It was a horrendous sight. “This disaster was especially notorious because of the complication of calamities which accompanied it; the explosion itself, the ensuing fire that enveloped what was left after the explosion, and the sinking of the steamboat which resulted in many drowning. Everything happened in such a short space of time that the whole tragedy was completed within a few minutes.” (Ref. 1097, 2202)
“Dr. Webb rushed out on deck. There was another explosion and a piece of metal hit him in the throat. The riverboat was on fire and sinking. Complete pandemonium set in. A passenger caught the two little girls who were running around the deck in their night dresses. He pushed a mattress in the water and put the little girls on it. The mattress started to sink. Nannie told her little sister that they had to get off . . . . They slipped off into the water, one on each corner of the mattress, diagonally . . . . A mattress floating on the water was of no concern. Two little girls at water line didn’t even show up. The sparks from the fire had ignited the mattress. When the fire had burned to the edge and it was too close to hold on any longer, Nannie said, ‘Cannie, don’t be afraid; just hold on until I count to three and we will both let go together.’ Nannie counted to three; they both let go of the mattress and sank below the water. Nannie struggled to break the surface for air and went down again. Just when she was sure she couldn’t make it to the surface again, a man in a small boat looked down and saw something floating in the water. He reached over and grabbed a handful of hair and lifted [her] out of the water. They wrapped her in a rough blanket.
Dr. Webb was with the casualties, but his throat was bandaged and blood had soaked through. “He could not speak and knew he was dying. . . . He motioned for paper and something to write with and wrote: ‘This is my daughter, Nancy Winifred Webb. Please contact my wife, Cassandra Ford Webb.’ (He also wrote) where to reach her. Word was sent to his home and his pregnant wife rode three days on horseback to claim her child and the bodies of her husband and daughter. The baby was born and named Cassandra; she was also called Cannie for her sister who drowned.” (Ref. 475)
It is an amazing story of tragedy, heroism, and perseverance. Cassandra Ford Webb lived 19 more years before her own death on December 6, 1863.
“A child whose father had died was an orphan in that era, even if her mother was living. The father in his will could name a guardian or guardians for his infant children (infant was the legal term for under age) to manage their estates and arrange for their education. If he did not do so or if he died intestate, the court could name the guardian unless the child was 14 or older, in which case he or she could choose one.” (Ref. Alcock)
It was very kind of William to take on the roll of guardian for Polly’s youngest children. The only other information we have for John Webb is found in Hayden’s genealogy book where he wrote, “Mary Todd Webb’s son, John, lives in Hopkinsville, Kentucky.” (Ref. 6)
Nancy Webb – Polly’s daughter, Nancy Webb (born in 1801), went through the same legal process her brother had and made the request for William Conn to be her guardian in January of 1819. Later that year, Nancy married Dr. Harry (Henry) Eggleston Innes, youngest son of Hugh and Hannah Eggleston Innes, in Paris, Kentucky. (Ref. 974, 2017, 2201) Nancy and her husband owned land on Russell Cave Road, and “the tax record of 1817 for Fayette County showed Dr. Henry Innes with 880 acres of land on the Elkhorn River. A small brick house discovered in the field on the property was probably the house built by Harry Innes as his place of residence.” (Ref. 2017) According to a letter sent back to relatives in Virginia sometime after 1820, Lucy Webb wrote, “Nancy Innes has four children: Charles, Mary, Frances, and Robert. The doctor is a very clever, rich man.” (Ref. 597)
Some of his great wealth could be seen in the home that Dr. Innes started to build for his son, Charles. “The casual viewer takes little notice of the house in the distance [meaning the home of Dr. Innes] as their eyes are drawn to the stately house closer to the road. This house, called Corinthia, was built for his son, Charles Webb Innes. It is an enormous house with massive columns on the front. The construction of Corinthia was begun in 1832 but took many years to complete.” (Ref. 2017)
Map showing location of the homes of Dr. & Mrs. Innes and their son, Charles
Nancy’s husband died in 1833 during the cholera outbreak that swept through Kentucky. Since his will stated that “the mansion house and 300 acres went to his widow and the remaining 720 acres were to be divided among his three infant heirs,” one can assume that one of the children must have already died. (Ref. 2201)
Winifred (Winny) Webb – In 1804, the last baby was born to Polly and Charles Webb, a little girl named Winifred. Winny, as she was called, was only two years old when she lost her father. William Conn ended up being the guardian for all of Charles Webb’s children who were minors when both youngest daughters “came into court and made the choices of William Conn for their Guardian.” (Court record)
On March 23, 1824, Winny married Major George Washington Williams, a “man of prominence in his profession.” (Ref. 589, 621, 2204, 2255) George “served more than 20 consecutive years without a single defeat in both Houses of the Legislature, and in conjunction with Honorable Garret Davis, he represented Bourbon County in the convention which framed the Constitution of Kentucky.” (Ref. 2255, 2203) Some years before the Civil War, George “freed his slaves and was an uncompromising Union man during the war.” (Ref. 2279) This was especially ironic because one of his closest friends was Josiah William Ware of Virginia, Winny’s cousin. Josiah was an influential slave holder with a vast plantation called Springfield.
The Williams family was large - - Winny gave birth to 12 children. One of their many offspring was a daughter, Frances Conn Williams, who married Thomas Henry Clay in 1864. Cousin to the famous orator, Senator Henry Clay, Thomas was “a successful farmer [who] owned 3,000 acres by 1877 and named his farm the Heights.” (Ref. 2290)
The following is their wedding announcement from the paper.
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Henry Clay entertained Saturday evening at “The Heights” - their handsome home, in this county with a dinner party which was a very important occasion as it celebrated the announcement of the engagement of the daughter of the house, Miss Nannine Williams Clay, and Mr. Frederick Alfred Wallace. The marriage will take place in the spring. The couple will make their home in Lexington, residing at the Witherspoon House on West Third Street, which was lately purchased by Mr. Wallace. Miss Clay is a great favorite in Blue Grass society, a notable representative of the prominent family to which she belongs and beloved wherever she is known.
Mr. Wallace is general manager for the Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Company with headquarters at Lexington. He is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Allen N. Wallace of Hopkinsville, the latter a well known journalist of the state and kinsman of ex-vice president Adlai Stevenson. Not only prominent in business and social circles, Mr. Wallace is a leader in philanthropic work, having been appointed at the world’s meeting in London recently as the Kentucky President of the Christian Endeavor Union.
The dinner Saturday evening was notable in the social history of the Blue Grass country for elegance and beauty of detail. A Lexington caterer furnished the elaborate meal, the music was by a Cincinnati orchestra, and lavish and lovely floral decorations came from Louisville. The colors were red and white, and an effect of gorgeousness given to the table with American Beauty roses, many red candles burning, and the beautiful gowns of the company.
The announcement of the engagement of the handsome young couple was made by Miss Kate Alexander, a handsome cousin of Miss Clay and the chosen maid of honor, and immediately, Mr. Chapman Young, toastmaster for the dinner, proposed a toast to the prospective bride and groom, and the responses were bright, eloquent, and full of loving sentiment for the fortunate and happy young couple.
The name cards were works of art and treasured by the company as souvenirs. They were decorated with copies of Gibson girls, the Queen of the feast being a fair type of the American girl we all love so well.
Following is a list of those present at the dinner: Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Henry Clay, Miss Clay, Mr. Wallace, Mr. and Mrs. George Alexander, Mr. and Mrs. John Woodford, Mr. and Mrs. Dwight Pendleton of Winchester, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Henry Clay, Jr., Misses Kate Alexander, Nannie Clay, Elizabeth Woodford, Amelia Clay, Laura Estill of Lexington, Miss Lutie Williams, Chapman Young of Louisville, John __, Samuel Clay, Ford Hvont, George Williams Clay, Dr. John Sweeney, Duncan Bell, Dexter Clay, Ayletia Buckner.
In later years, Mrs. Frederick A. Wallis (the daughter of Thomas and Frances Williams Clay) became a state regent and historian for the DAR headquarters in Paris, Kentucky. She dedicated a room for her mother called the “Frances Conn Williams Clay Room.” (See photo below)
Another Williams daughter, Nancy M. Williams, (known as Nannie) married Colonel John A. Prall on September 23, 1851. According to his obituary, “before and during the Civil War, he was one of the most prominent lawyers in the state.”
After Polly and Charles Webb settled on their land in 1791, they became active members of the David’s Fork Baptist Church which “became an independent church on August 26, 1801.” (Ref. 2209)
David’s Fork Baptist Church circa 1940s (Ref. 965)
Charles Webb died in 1806, leaving his 34-year old wife to raise their children alone. Her brother, Thompson, once wrote, “Your Aunt Polly Webb is a widow and I suppose will never marry again.” (Ref. 35E) He was right. Polly lived to be 82, outliving not only her husband, but most of her children. She died “after Christmas, on December 29, 1854 of paralysis.” (Ref. 970)
4. Lucy Catherine Ware - By 1773, Dr. James and Caty Todd Ware had three youngsters (Thompson, James, and Polly) running around the house - all under the age of five. Grandparents James and Agnes were both approaching sixty. Dr. Ware was 32 years old and Caty (who had just recently turned 20) was having another baby. Their newest addition to the family arrived on November 12th and was named Lucy Catherine, a name that would be carried on for many generations.
The whole time Caty was pregnant with Lucy, the colony of Virginia continued to hold its’ breath as relations with Great Britain grew more tense with each passing day. Lucy’s entire childhood would be spent in an atmosphere of war. By her pre-Christmas wedding on December 23, 1790, however, the conflict was finally over. President George Washington had been in office for one year, and the place of her birth was no longer called a ‘colony’ but a ‘state.’ It was a time of new beginnings.
Lucy married one year before her older sister, Polly. Her husband was Captain Isaac Webb, brother of Charles Webb, who would marry Polly in 1791. Isaac “was an officer in the 7th Virginia Continental Line and served as a captain under Green in the 14th campaign.” (Ref. 2, 621,934) Lucy was 17 at her wedding and Isaac (born in 1758) was 32. (Ref. 621, 1067)
Years later, a relative, Josiah Ware, described Isaac Webb as being “a very small man, of an active figure.” (Ref. 174, 638) Especially close to Lucy, Josiah stated she was “very fine-looking; and had as fine a face as you ever saw, full of kindness and benevolence.” (Ref. 638) The family corresponded often over the years, and in 1827, Josiah mailed some strawberry seeds to Lucy’s daughter, advising her that “she must be very careful in opening the letter or she will lose them as they are very small.” In a different letter, written in 1830 to cousin George W. Williams, Josiah teasingly lamented that the mail “brought me only one letter - that from Aunt Lucy Webb. Now is this very astonishing? That out of all my kith and kin only two of them seem to be aware of my existence and these two are of the oldest generation of Uncle Charles [Ware] and Lucy Webb.” Josiah, grandson to Dr. James Ware and Caty, remained one of the strongest links between the Virginia and Kentucky Wares.
James and his son-in-law, Isaac, became close friends in Virginia, and that friendship played a major role in the families moving to Kentucky together. Lucy’s husband, having also been awarded a land grant by the government for service in the Revolutionary War, “had acquired a great deal of land in Fayette and Bourbon counties of Kentucky.” (Ref. 174) In a family letter, it was stated that he “owned nearly all the land Cincinnati was built upon and a great part of the land Lexington was built upon.” (Ref. 2) It is interesting to note that the actual documents he obtained “were signed by both Thomas Jefferson and James Madison.” (Ref. 174)
Lucy Ware Webb – daughter of Caty and Dr. James Ware
“The Ware and Webb families were now joined by two marriages, making it logical for them to travel together and build their homes in close proximity to each other; thereby claiming vast strongholds in this new ‘land of promise’ called Kentucky. Property was wealth, and the two families now had a lot of Bluegrass acreage. . . . Once the great move was made from Virginia to Kentucky, James and Caty must have been pleased when Isaac and Lucy settled close by. Thompson and Polly put down their roots in the Paris/Centerville area, as did Polly and Charles. Lucy and Isaac, however, chose their land in Fayette County. In fact, the Ware and Webb properties were both located near Antioch Pike.”
Old map showing Ware/Webb properties located off Briar Hill Pike and Ware Road
Maps showing location of James Ware land – Courtesy of the Kentucky Historical Society
Bryant Station Pike
**Notice the locations of Antioch Church, David Fork Church,
and Ware Crossing
**Notice the locations of Antioch Church, David Fork Church,
and Ware Crossing
Lucy and Isaac had a large family. The following gives information about each, but a more detailed account can be found in Virginia Roots in Kentucky Soil
On January 31, 1814, Kitty Webb married James Conn, brother of both William Conn (husband of Fanny Webb) and Sallie Conn (wife of Kitty’s Uncle Thompson.) Kitty was 23, and James was 28. (Ref. 941)
Fayette Co. court record showing marriage of James Conn & Kitty Webb was bonded by James Webb.
Later that year, as the nation was embroiled in the War of 1812, James Conn did his military service. Attaining the rank of captain, he “led a company from September 10, 1814 to October 9, 1814, under the command of Lt. Col. Andrew Porter.” (Ref. 1055)
Kitty and James had five children; four sons and one daughter. In a letter to Sally Ware in 1819, Kitty wrote of her sons, “My first I call John Scott [Conn] after Dr. Scott of Frankfort, my second is named Webb [Conn] after my father, my third is Joseph Scott [Conn] after Dr. Scott formerly of Chillicothe (the doctor is now living in Frankfort), and Thomas [Conn] after Grandfather Conn. My second son, Webb, I had the misfortune to lose (last March was a year) with whooping cough and measles.” (Ref. 35D) Kitty delivered a baby girl, Catherine, shortly after this letter was sent - - the newborn named after both her mother and grandmother. Kitty died before her daughter ever reached her first birthday.
After six years of marriage, Kitty (Catherine) Conn became one of the victims of an outbreak of cholera. She died on May 10, 1820.
(Ref. 621) Bible entry for Kitty (Catherine) Conn
Captain Conn, now a widower, decided to leave Bourbon/Paris County and relocate to Blue Licks in Nicholas County. He had “inherited the old homestead place of his fathers, but he sold the property to his brother, William Conn, before moving.” (Ref. 941) Kentucky records indicate he relocated “to Nicholas County, Kentucky, where he was living in 1882 and where he probably lived out his life.” (Ref. 941) James remarried in 1823 and had four additional children with his new wife, Martha H. (Patsy) Throckmorton. (Ref. Debbie McArdle, wife of James Talbot McArdle, of Crystal Lake, IL.)
Kitty’s mother, Lucy, gave a written account of what happened to the Conn children after her daughter’s death:
“Kitty’s oldest son, John, is living with James Webb. [James] got me to write to his father [James Conn] that if he would let him have John, he [referring to James Webb] would educate him and give him whatever professional character his talents would best suit. He sent him [John]. Kitty [baby Catherine] is living with me. The other two children, Joseph and Thomas, are with him [James Conn] – to my sorrow. I wrote a letter to him [James Conn] the other day that if he would give up their mother’s [Kitty’s] property that Mr. Webb [Lucy’s husband and Kitty’s father] gave her, though it’s but little, we would take the other two boys and educate them and insure to them the property when they came of age. But I did not send it, knowing it would displease him very much.” (Ref. 597)
Even though Lucy could not visit with her grandsons as much as she would have liked, James Conn did provide well, and equally, for all of his children. Papers kindly provided by fellow researcher, Karin Rice, clearly stipulate how much land was to be allotted to each child after his wife’s dower was taken out. (See below)
“Lot #1 went to the children for James’ second marriage, and Lot #2 went to the children he had with Kitty.” (Ref. 2268)
James Conn spent the remainder of his life in Nicholas County. The inscription on his tombstone, found by Bill Wheaton in the Throckmorton Cemetery in 1999, reads as follows:
James Conn, Died June 22, 1833, aged 47 years, 1 month, 17 days
Of the children of James Conn and Kitty, we know their daughter, Catherine, married Robert Innes on April 14, 1847. Robert served as a Representative of Franklin County in the Virginia House of Delegates for several years. (Ref. Woods) The couple “lived in a house on 2nd street in Lexington.” (Ref. 174, 689)
Grave of Robert Innes and his wife, Catherine Conn Innes
Kitty’s son, John Scott Conn, served in the Confederacy and lived a long life. His obituary appeared in “The Western Citizen” newspaper:
SCOTT CONN DEAD – Capt. John Scott Conn, a distinguished Confederate
Soldier, and one of the oldest residents of Louisville, died this morning at the
residence of his niece, Mrs. T.M. Swann, 1215 Fourth Street, in his ninetieth
year. Capt. Conn was born in Bourbon county April
25, 1815, the son of Catherine Webb and [James] Joseph Conn . . .
he was taken to Chillicothe, Ohio, where he made his home with his
uncle, Dr. James Webb, who was the father of Mrs. Rutherford B. Hayes. Returning to Kentucky as a young man, he was
graduated at Bacon College, one of Kentucky’s early institutions, at
Harrodsburg, but not now in existence. He
established himself in the practice of law in Bourbon and Fayette counties. At the outbreak of the Civil War, he enlisted in the
Confederate Army, and later became Captain in Col. Richard Gano’s Regiment of
Morgan’s Brigade. He was captured and held prisoner
at Camp Douglas. When offered his freedom if he
would take the oath of allegiance, he indignantly refused.
He was never reconstructed, and always declined to take any part in
Confederate reunions or other celebrations, holding aloof on the ground that he
‘could never jollify over his defeat.’ After the
war, Mr. Conn settled down to practice law in Centerville, Bourbon County, and
later removed to Lexington. He retired from practice
twenty years ago and made his home with his sister, Mrs. Robert Innes. He came to Louisville six years ago, and had since
that time made his home with his niece, Mrs. Thomas M. Swann . . . . In spite of
his advancing years, Mr. Conn had been in excellent health lately, though
troubled at times with dropsy, for which he had sustained several apparently
beneficial operations. Last night he sat up late
chatting with his nephew, Mr. Ed Bacon, and several members of his family. He expressed himself as feeling particularly well. This morning he failed to appear at breakfast, and a
servant was dispatched to find out the cause of his absence. It was found that
he had fallen on the floor of the bathroom . . . the body will be taken to
Lexington on the Southern train arriving there at 10:40, where it will be buried
John had remained a bachelor all his life and was almost 90 years old at the time of his death.
Photo courtesy of James and Judy Ware 2012
The death year was mistaken – it was actually 1904.
Winny Webb – Lucy delivered her next daughter, Winny, on January 28, 1793. She would marry Mathew Thompson Scott, called “Thompson” by family members, on June 12, 1811. In a letter from James Ware II, he wrote, “Thompson Scott was married to Winny Webb the 12th of the month.” (Ref. 35E)
Mathew Thompson Scott- courtesy of Bill LaBach
(Thompson Scott was also referred to as Mathew Scott and M. T. Scott in many incidences.)
Mathew, born in Pennsylvania, “came to live with his relative, Dr. John Mitchell Scott of Frankfort” when his parents died. (Ref. 966, 2261) Prior to his marriage to Winny, he had embarked upon a banking career. He “became a clerk in the Lexington branch of the Bank of Kentucky in 1808. After his marriage, he subsequently obtained the position of teller, then cashier, in the United States Bank. When that bank was taken up by Northern Bank of Kentucky in 1835, he became a cashier in the new bank. Mathew Scott became President of the Northern Bank of Kentucky and served in that capacity for six years before his death in 1858. He was also the first treasurer of the Lexington Cemetery Company.” (Ref. 485, 796, 990, 974)
As his lucrative career prospered, Thompson and Winny watched their family grow. They had 14 children: James W. Scott (1811), Elizabeth (Betsy) Thompson Scott (1813), Isaac Webb Scott (1814), Lucy Catherine Scott (1816), Mary Dewees Scott (1817), Lucy Webb Scott (1819), John William Scott (1821), Winny Webb Scott (1822), Matthew Thompson Scott ( 1823), Margaret Scott (1824), Lucy Ware Scott (1826), Joseph Scott (1829), William Nicholson Scott (1831), and William Thompson Scott (1833). (Ref. 477) (For details on all these children, please refer to Virginia Roots in Kentucky Soil)
Sadly, the last child born to Winny arrived during one of the most devastating cholera outbreaks in Kentucky history. “About the 1st of June, the cholera made its appearance, and in less than ten days, fifteen hundred persons were prostrated and dying at the rate of fifty a day. An indescribable panic seized the citizens, half of whom fled from the city, and those who remained were almost paralyzed with fear.” (Ref. 687) Naturally, Winny was terrified. In her last weeks of pregnancy, the couple had to bury their two-year old son, William Nicholson. The new baby, born on June 23rd, was also named William, in honor of the toddler. On July 8, 1833, about two weeks after giving birth, poor Winny died of cholera as well. She was 40 years old at the time, and her death left M. T. Scott with a house filled with children. Family pitched in to help, and Winny’s sister-in-law, “Maria [Cook Webb], took the baby who was William and weaned her own child, Lucy [Lucy Ware Webb Hayes] who was two years old. The cholera was at its height at that time.” (Ref.1)
Mathew Thompson Scott managed to survive the epidemic and marry again three years later. His new wife was another daughter of Lucy and Isaac Webb. Elizabeth (Betsey) Frances Webb was the youngest sister of Winnie, and she was 20 years younger than Mathew at the time of their marriage. They had a very happy life together before Mathew died on August 20, 1858, at the age of 72.
The graves below are for the children of Mathew and Winny Scott.
Isaac Webb Scott - John William Scott - Joseph
Scott - Lucy Ware Scott
James Webb – Lucy and Isaac welcomed their first son on March 17, 1795. They named him James, in all likelihood out of respect for both Lucy’s father and grandfather. Lucy was now 22, and her other children, Kitty and Winny, were four and two years old, respectively.
James studied medicine in Lexington, Kentucky, and practiced in Chillicothe, Ohio. Having served in the military at the young age of 17, he was a veteran of the War of 1812. He wed Maria Cook in 1826. Josiah Ware, a cousin, once noted that “Dr. James Webb was a very handsome man. He had black hair and dark eyes, and was tall and straight.” (Ref. 638) James and Maria had two sons, Joseph Thompson Webb and James Dewees Webb. The boys were joined by a sister in 1831 - named Lucy Ware Webb after her paternal grandmother. Dr. Webb, unfortunately, would die before his daughter ever got the chance to know him. Lucy was two years old when the cholera epidemic claimed her father’s life, as well as so many others in her family. In a letter to President Hayes from Isaac Scott, he wrote in reference to his uncle, James Webb:
“He died at my father’s [Mathew Thompson Scott] house during the terrible scourge of the cholera in July 1833. I sat by his bedside and nursed him during his illness of 8 days and nights, never taking off my clothes as there was so many sick we could not get help. We had four sick at the same time. My mother [Winny] died a few days before Uncle James.” (Ref. 296)
There were three children born to James and Maria before the epidemic struck – two sons (Joseph Thompson Webb and James DeWees Webb) and a daughter named Lucy Ware Webb. Both boys grew up to be doctors, and Lucy became quite famous in her own right after becoming the wife of a future president of the United States.
In a time when few women were encouraged to broaden their minds, Lucy Ware Webb had “attended the new Wesleyan Female College in Cincinnati at the age of 16.” (Ref. 2251) When a promising lawyer named Rutherford B. Hayes first met her, he was as much attracted to her bright intellect and inquisitive mind as to her beauty. The couple eventually married in Ohio in 1852. According to a description of the event, “the ‘radiant’ bride looked beautiful in her white-figured satin dress, simply tailored with a full skirt pleated to a fitted bodice. She wore a floor-length veil, fastened with orange blossoms. It accented the glistening blackness of her hair and the slimness of her figure.” (Ref. 2250)
Rutherford and Lucy were strongly opposed to slavery, so Hayes fought proudly for the North during the Civil War. When peace came, Rutherford decided to pursue a career in politics. After serving as governor of Ohio, he was nominated by the Republican party for the presidency of the United States. Although it was not a landslide election, he did win, and he and Lucy headed to the White House with several small children in tow. The following is an excerpt from Virginia Roots in Kentucky Soil:
“Lucy became one of the most beloved first ladies in American history. Her sweet nature charmed all who came to know her. Even though she had her strong convictions on issues such as ‘no alcohol served in the White House,’ the nation fell under her spell. Nicknamed ‘Lemonade Lucy,’ she made no apologies for her beliefs. There were some among the Washington elite who complained at first, but ‘Lucy’s courage in adopting a controversial policy for White House entertaining helped to convince people of the honesty and sincerity of the president and the First Lady.’ (Ref. 2250) With her tiny stature (she was only five foot, four inches tall), her beautiful black hair, and kind brown eyes, ‘Lucy Hayes was one of the most personally popular of all of America’s First Ladies.’” (Ref. 633, 2251)
Rutherford and Lucy celebrated 37 years of marriage before Lucy died of a stroke in 1889, at age 58. (Ref. 357) Because her father (James) and both paternal grandparents (Lucy and Isaac), had passed away in the cholera epidemic of 1833, they never got to know what a remarkable woman she turned out to be.
Being the great granddaughter of James and Caty Todd Ware, Lucy was therefore the great-great-granddaughter of James and Agnes Ware.
Isaac Webb III
– Lucy and Isaac had
their fourth child in 1797, naming their new son Isaac Webb III after both his
father and grandfather Webb. Isaac married Louisa
Harrison Jones and the couple had four children: (1)
Lucy Webb (1824), who married Dr. Robert W. Bush; (2) Edward Webb, who died in
1833; (3) Isaac Webb IV (1831), who married Miss Gray and died in 1898; and (4)
Frances Webb (1828). In an early letter written by
Lucy, she stated, “Isaac has two children; Lucy and Edward [who] live ½ mile from him on Miss Winney Webb’s farm.”
(Ref. 597) She was probably referring to the spinster sister of
her husband, Isaac. Isaac Webb III died on the same
day as his father during the cholera epidemic.
Marker for the children of Lucy and Isaac Webb
Lucy Caroline Webb – In 1799, another daughter was born into the household. This time the child was a namesake for Lucy; her full name being Lucy Caroline Webb. In 1817, Lucy Caroline became the bride of Dr. Joseph Thompson Scott - the younger brother of Dr. John Mitchell Scott who had married Lucy’s aunt, Catherine Ware. Joseph, as his brother before him, went into the medical profession. He set up his early practice in Chillicothe, Ohio, where he met his first wife, Martha Finley. (Ref. 479,805) They were married in 1805 and had two daughters before Martha died in 1810. (Ref. 482,688) Dr. Scott then took his little girls and moved to Lexington, where he met Lucy Caroline Webb. (Ref. 805)
Known as “an able physician and a man of considerable financial ability,” Dr. Scott married Lucy Caroline “near Bryant’s Station, ten miles from Lexington.” (Ref. 2261) The couple started their own family right away, even as Lucy gladly assumed the role of “stepmother” for Joseph’s children by his first marriage. Sarah Finley Scott was 11 years old at the time, and Elizabeth Thompson Scott was nine. The Scotts would add 11 more offspring to the family!
In 1818, a baby sister joined the girls - - Lucy Caroline Webb Scott. She married James Montgomery Holloway in 1836, at the age of 18. The Scotts next had a son named Joseph in 1819. He only lived about a year, dying on September 17, 1820.
The third child, Mary Epps Scott, came in the winter of 1821. Grandma Lucy proudly wrote of her young granddaughters, Lucy and Mary, in a letter to Virginia. “Lucy and Mary (Epps) are going to school in Lexington – I never saw two children learn faster in my life. Lucy plays the best on the piano that I ever heard one for the time she has been learning.” (Ref. 597)
Mary Epps Scott wed John W. McFarland in 1844. She died in 1885.
Another baby daughter arrived for Lucy and Joseph in 1822, but little Margaret Scott only lived a short time; dying in 1823. It was four years before another baby arrived.
Isaac Webb was born on June 27, 1826. Isaac became a doctor, married Mary Buchanan, and the couple lived in New Orleans, Louisiana. Isaac died there in 1913 at the age of 86.
Photo of Isaac Webb Scott
Courtesy of Guy Hagan Briggs III (Ref. 945)
Markers in Lexington Cemetery - Photos by Judy Ware
Little is known about Dr. and Mrs. Scott’s next two children. A son, James N. Scott, was born in 1828. Then a baby girl, named Catherine Scott, arrived in 1829. Catherine only lived one year before her death in 1830. James, however, lived to adulthood, married Sara Woodbridge, and the couple had; Lizzie, Lena, and Isaac Woodbridge Scott. James N. Ware died in 1867.
Lucy Caroline had their eighth child in 1832, and named him for his father, Joseph Thompson Scott. He became “a surgeon in the 1st Missouri Infantry CSA and served on the staff of General Frost.” (Ref. 481) Joseph “was taken prisoner during the war, but was later exchanged.” (Ref. 805) He wed Isidora Churchill Dean in St. Louis, but “after the war, Dr. Scott located at New Orleans,” where he died in 1896. (Ref. 805)
The Scotts had another son in 1834 - Mathew T. Scott. Before dying in 1862, he served in the Confederate Army where he “lost an arm in battle and was thence forth known as ‘One-Armed Matt’.” (Ref. 174)
The last two children born to Lucy Caroline and Dr. Scott were Winnie Maria Scott in 1836, and David Humphreys Scott in 1838. Both children lived to adulthood, but little else is know about them. Winnie married James Stillwell who “died of injuries during the Battle of Forts Philip & Jackson.” She died in May 1910.
“To live in the hearts we leave behind is not to die.”
Graves located in Lexington Cemetery – photos taken by James and Judy Ware 2010
Dr. Scott was well loved by the residents of Lexington and he and Lucy Caroline spent many happy years there. When he died in 1843, his obituary appeared in the “Protestant and Herald” newspaper, and was reprinted in “The Frankfort Commonwealth.” It read as follows:
"It becomes our painful duty to record the death of our very highly esteemed friend and excellent fellow citizen, Dr. Joseph Scott, of Lexington, who departed this life at his residence, on Tuesday, the 6th inst., at about 10:00 p.m. Dr. Scott was born Feb. 19th, 1781, lived sixty-two years, three months and eighteen days, and then 'slept with his fathers'. He has been long and most favorably known in this State and in Ohio, as one of our ablest and most successful Physicians. Diseases, often of the most malignant character, were made to yield, with the blessing of God, under his superior skill, and even death, in some instances, where he had apparently commenced his work, was staid, and the tide of life and health restored. Many, very many of the living will bless his memory while they retain their recollection.
His funeral was attended by the largest and most respectable class of citizens we have ever witnessed on a funeral occasion in Lexington. Presbyterians, Episcopalians, Methodist and Baptist, with scores of non-professors of religion, attended with demonstrations of the deepest feeling and solemnity. The funeral procession was of great length; scores of carriages, and persons on horse-back, and the sidewalks of the streets crowded with people on foot, all slowly, silently and solemnly following the remains of their departed friend to the last lodging place of mortals - the grave." (Ref. 482)
Joseph was 62 years old when he died. Lucy, at 44, would remain a widow for 25 years before her own death in March 1868.
Cuthbert Webb - In 1801, when Isaac Webb was 43 and Lucy was 28, they celebrated the birth of another son, Cuthbert Webb. Cuthbert was the only adult child of Lucy and Isaac who remained single. Former director of the Rutherford B. Hayes Center, Watt Marchman, established that “Cuthbert never married. It appears that Mary Ann, brother Cuthbert, and daughters Eugenia and Elizabeth C. all settled in the St. Louis area of Missouri.” Cuthbert died at his sister’s house, Mrs. Mary Ann Webb Nicholson, in 1860.
Mary Ann Todd Webb – Lucy’s next pregnancy resulted in another daughter (Mary Ann Todd Webb) born in 1803. At the age of 17, Mary Ann wed William Nicholson. (Ref. 192, 2009) The couple would have a very large family, providing even more grandchildren for Lucy and Isaac. Their first four children were: Webb (nicknamed John) Nicholson, James Cuthbert Nicholson,
William P. Nicholson, and Mary Susan Nicholson. In 1828, their fifth child, Lucy C. Nicholson, was born. She was “destined to be known as the ‘Belle of Boonville’, Kentucky.” (Ref. 174, 2009) Lucy “was a very bright woman; accomplished in reading both Latin and French. She met and fell in love with Major David Herndon Lindsay, an army officer who had recently lost his wife. They were engaged to be married when the Civil War began, but because of the turmoil of the times, they decided to defer their wedding until after the hostilities ceased.” (Ref. 2530)
Lucy, an ardent southerner, wanted to serve the Confederacy in whatever way possible. She helped with the wounded, made clothing for the soldiers, and eventually took greater risks. “On her return home to Boonville, in the spring of 1862, she was arrested as a dangerous rebel and was placed in jail for smuggling medicines.” (Ref. 174, 793, 2009) As was frequently the punishment in cases such as hers, “she was subsequently banished from St. Louis with a number of other ladies and sent south by steamer to Okolona, Mississippi.” (Ref. 2009, 2275)
Lucy eventually connected with Major Lindsay and they were married, but the full story of her adventures is really quite remarkable. She lived to be quite old, but died a tragic death in a fire. (Ref. 174, 793, 2009) (See Virginia Roots in Kentucky Soil for complete story.)
The Nicholson’s had five more children after the birth of Lucy: Elizabeth C. (Lizzie) Nicholson, who was born in 1832 and died at the age of 91 in the same house fire that killed her sister; Alice Peachey Nicholson; Louise W. Nicholson; L. Gertrude Nicholson; and Isabelle Eugenia Nicholson.
John Thompson Webb - Isaac and Lucy’s ninth child, John Thompson Webb, was born in 1805. Hayes Library documents state that he “received 1,000 acres of land on Paint Creek in Ohio from his father and mother, Isaac and Lucy Ware Webb, deed dated January 21, 1831.” (Ref. 174) John moved later to Mobile, Alabama, where he died.
Elizabeth (Betsey) Frances Webb – At 33, Lucy had her last baby in 1806 - naming her Elizabeth. Grandpa James Ware passed away shortly before she arrived, so he never got to meet this grandchild. Betsey first married Reverend Joseph P. Cunningham, and they had four children before he passed away: Isaac Webb (called Webb) was born in 1827, followed by Robert, Lucy, and Joseph (who was called John). In Lucy’s letter to a niece, she wrote, “Betsey Cunningham has two very interesting boys, Webb and Robert. She would have been so delighted to have met with you and Josiah.” (Ref. 597)
After Robert’s death, Betsey remarried in July 1836. Her husband, Mathew Thompson Scott (known as Thompson), had been married earlier to her older sister Winny. Since Winny died shortly after giving birth to her 14th child in 1833, and there was only a three-year span between her death and the marriage of Betsey and Thompson, it would seem safe to assume that Betsey took over the role of ‘mother’ for the many Scott children. The age difference in Betsey and Thompson was noted in a letter President Hayes sent to his sister. He wrote, “Aunt Betsey is twenty years younger than her husband and the youngest woman of her age I have ever seen.” (Rf. 174) The Scotts had 22 happy years together before Thompson’s death in 1858 at the age of 72. There are records in Lexington which state, “He was a man of superior financial judgment and irreproachable integrity. (Ref. 976)
Life for Isaac and Lucy Ware Webb was full and busy during their years in Kentucky. Letters exchanged with their nephew, Josiah, provided great insight into their families. As he once remarked about Lucy, “I had a large bundle of [her letters]; our correspondence was regular and her sheet always full and as if it flowed from her heart.” (Ref. 299) Josiah further wrote, “I knew Lucy Ware intimately and corresponded with her . . . her hair was cut short and was as white as snow. She was a perfect specimen of hospitality.” (Ref. 638)
The year 1833 brought more sadness into the family than they could have ever imagined. The historic cholera epidemic that swept through Kentucky that year brought much death and suffering to everyone, but it seemed to be especially terrible for both the Webb and Ware families. Hardly a member of the family was left unscathed, but it appeared the hardest hit was the home of Lucy and Isaac Webb. “On June 22, 1833, ‘Isaac added a section to his will (he knew he was on his death bed and knew Lucy was too) pertaining to the disposition of his slaves.’ ” (Ref. 296) He wanted to provide an opportunity for them to attain freedom. Not only did the two spouses die within mere days of each other, but many of their other family members did as well.
Most of the relatives were buried in a small cemetery near the home of Isaac Webb. One source locates the graveyard “on Stewart Road.” (Ref. 934) In 1998, another researcher provided more detailed instructions on how to find the cemetery. “I have three ‘sources’ that locate the property in Fayette County, about two miles on the Houston Road from its intersection with Briar Hill Pike in Fayette County. For whatever use it is, that road runs northwesterly to and along a Houston Creek on to where it meets the Lexington-Paris Pike (the Antioch Church is at the Lexington-Paris Pike juncture, in Bourbon County, where it is known as the Antioch Pike.) The road markers in Fayette County now show that road as the Huston-Antioch Road and a current map shows the name as Antioch Road (most of it is in Bourbon County.) My sources say a family burial ground is about two miles along the Houston Road, near Isaac Webb’s house. (Ref. 944) It is not an easy site to find because it sits on private property.
In 1931, Ware and Webb family descendants located and restored the old cemetery. They enclosed it with a 20 foot by 30 foot stone wall. It was approximately four feet high, and cemented. They placed a marker commemorating the site:
The first restoration project was done beautifully, but “years took its toll, however, and the family resting place again fell into sad disrepair. The large tombstone of Isaac’s sister (Winney Webb) had all but broken apart and the surrounding wall and other graves were hardly recognizable.” (Ref. 2095)
(See photos below)
Cemetery that was restored in 1931 – how it looked in 2006
In 2006, this wonderful, old cemetery got another facelift from some very caring family members. The amount of time, money, and love that went into the restoration is a testimony to the kind hearts of those involved. Mike Riegert and Tom Moore were the historical preservationists on the project and Susie Stahl did an incredible job of overseeing everything and keeping it well documented.
The following photos, for which I am most grateful, are available courtesy of the people who transformed the Webb/Ware Cemetery in 2006 – particularly the late John Woods, whose passion for genealogy inspired many.
After much searching in 2010, my husband and I finally found the old cemetery during a research trip to Kentucky. With the kind help of Tom Moore, the site was located and the following pictures taken. It was interesting to see how much change had occurred in the few short years since the restoration of 2006.
The following photographs were all taken during that visit.
Located across a large field Looking back towards the road
All 2010 cemetery photographs provided courtesy of James and Judy Ware
Sadly, it was very overgrown inside the walled area. The four short years since the restoration had taken a huge toll.
When they did the restoration in 2006, they were very careful to keep as much of the original cemetery pieces as possible. The old marker that was placed in the first restoration of 1931 was still embedded in the walls in 2010. (See above)
The photos below show where part of the original old wall was incorporated into the newly restored wall of 2006.
There was also a “stile” added in 2006 – a form of stairs built into the wall on both sides to enable a person to climb up and over the wall.
For James and Caty Todd Ware, thankfully, the hardships that would define 1833 were not known to them in 1775, as they prepared to welcome another child into the family. The world around them was chaotic enough.
When peace finally arrived and the family made their big move to Kentucky, Charles was only 16 years old. He wrote in his letters back home that he stayed with his parents for about two years and then he went back home to Virginia to live with his older brother, James III, for a while. One of his letters stated, “I did not go to live with him (James) until the fall of 1793. We then continued together almost until I married in 1803.” (Ref. 35G)
Charles married Frances Whiting on November 29th and settled in Versailles, Kentucky, where they bought quite a bit of land. (Ref. 1067) The deed specifies that “On Oct. 8, 1811, James Stapp and his wife Sally, of Woodford County sold to Charles Ware of Fayette County for the amount of $2,643.00, 177 ¼ acres on waters of Glenn’s Creek to Richard Young’s old line.” (Ref. 1027, 1038)
Maps showing the location of Glen’s Creek and its proximity to Wareland, home of Charles’ grandfather, James Ware I
As a land owner, Charles Ware naturally assumed his civic responsibilities that came with his age and station. He “served as one of the Commissioners on Dec. 27, 1811 for examining the accounts pertaining to the estate of Richard Blanton deceased.” His role as a Commissioner required that he “make the appraisal of the personal estate of Richard Blanton for his widow Sally Blanton. . . help examine and settle the accounts of Carter Blanton as guardian to the heirs of Richard Blanton deceased and also to make a division of the estate among his heirs and legal representatives and make a report.” (Ref. 1043 and 1044) His others duties included contracting “for the repairing of a bridge on Hornbacks Mill Road across David’s Fork, to be paid out of next year’s levy.” (Ref. 1044)
Charles loved farming best. The expanding country had great need of food, and “almost every agricultural crop, with the exception of cotton and tropical fruits, could be grown successful in Kentucky. Here, more than in any other state, the opportunity to become self-sufficient was taken advantage of to the fullest.” (Ref. 2254) Charles did exactly that. An 1811 letter written to his brother in Virginia gives insight into how well his agricultural endeavors were going.
“I raised, last year, some better than 2 ½ tons [of] hemp which I sold to Capt. John Richardson and son (who has established a Rope Walk on his farm) at seven dollars p. hundred; payable in 12 months, which will expire the 15th of March next. Hemp is worth about $6.00 now. It was up for two weeks only last winter - worth $7.00. I had a good deal of trouble with [the] breaking of my hemp, having taken it almost all up before it was well rotted. Notwithstanding, it passed in great credit. I’ll know better next time.” He went on to add, “I have at last (not without great labor) repaired the fencing in such a manner that with little trouble, [it] will last my lease, and I have 13 acres of hemp a growing that is promising; notwithstanding a severe drought this Spring. From 1 April until the 10th of June was less rain than ever was known (by me) to have fallen in the same months. Our flak and oats will, I fear, not be worth saving. Wheat is good. Corn is very low but looks very well.” (Ref. 341)
One of the major products that Kentucky became known for was hemp. “Since 1775, the planters of Kentucky had been growing hemp, but it was not until later that they discovered a profitable use for its long stingy fibers. When the shipping industry on the western rivers developed, there was a keen demand for roping and the hemp growers began to manufacture rope and course sail cloth.” (Ref. 2254) When the Wares planted their first crops of hemp, they had no idea how truly profitable it would become. “There was no machinery in existence for the manufacturing of hempen goods until 1796 when a machine for cleaning the raw stock was invented by Nathan Burrows.” (Ref. 2254) With the new machinery, “it is not surprising that from 1780 to 1811, the hempen industry increased forty-fold.” (Ref. 2254)
Hemp is the tough, coarse fiber of the cannabis plant, often used to make rope. It is the oldest cultivated fiber plant in the world. It contains no toxins as it does not require pesticides. The first Gutenberg bible was printed on hemp paper. Christopher Columbus' sails and ropes were made from hemp and the first drafts of the Declaration of Independence were printed on hemp paper.
Hemp demands a rich, well-drained soil such as is found in the Blue Grass region
of Kentucky. It must be loose and rich in organic
matter. Soil that will grow good corn will usually
grow hemp. There is much history about spinning
American hemp into rope, yarn or twine in the old Kentucky River mill at
Frankfort, Kentucky. During the first third of the
nineteenth century most of the rope made in Kentucky was spun and twisted by
hand and by the use of horse power at one end of the walk.
VERSAILLES, Ky. - Near the east edge of town, along U.S. 60 at Payne’s Mill
Road, there's a bronze marker commemorating the important role hemp once played
in Kentucky agriculture. It isn't unique. There are similar signs in Boyle, Fayette, Franklin,
Jessamine, Madison, Mason, Scott, Shelby and Clark counties.
Another author, Stephen Peterson of the Woodford Sun, wrote in 1999, “at one time, Woodford County produced more hemp seed than any other single location in the United States.” In the past, hemp was the source of a vast array of products from oil to textiles to foodstuffs.
Brief explanation of the crop Flax
This plant, from which linen is derived, never rivaled tobacco as a cash crop in the Chesapeake area, but most farmers and plantation owners grew small amounts well into the 1800's for their own use. Flax is an ‘annual’ which grows two to three feet high on a slim, little-branching stem. It is this woody stalk, hollow when dried, which is harvested and ultimately manufactured into linen. Additional properties of flax make it a desirable finished product, and even the seeds can be harvested and made into linseed oil (used in wood treatments). The World Book Encyclopedias ©1953
James and Caty were obviously proud of their son’s farming efforts. James wrote in a letter that he had some of his horses “in Charles Ware’s stables; up to their eyes in the best of feed etc.” He added, “Charles Ware made almost 3 tons of hemp last year and has sold it. Charles has got the greatest prospect this year. He will make, I suppose, 4 or 5 tons of it, if it comes in well.” (Ref. 341) His love of farming paid off.
In a letter Charles wrote in 1831, he mentioned his health and penned, “I find I decline more than my years speak of.” (Ref. 35G) He died in Kentucky in July 1839 at the age of 64 - - leaving no heirs to whom he could pass his farm.
Fanny lived for many more years; the local newspaper recorded:
“Mrs. Fanny Ware, widow of Charles Ware of Woodford County died in August 1851 at the age of 77.” (Ref. 1069)
Caty gave birth on May 1, 1777 to a girl they named Catherine, but she was usually called Kitty by the family. She joined six siblings; the oldest being eight. It was a bustling household.
At the age of 19, Catherine Ware married Dr. John Mitchell Scott in 1796. Dr. Scott “practiced medicine, first in 1796 in Woodford County, the place where Catherine’s grandparents lived.” (Ref. 2253) Then, when the couple married, they settled in Frankfort, where he “became one of the leading practitioners of his day.” (Ref. 2253) John “frequently traveled to Indiana to act as personal physician to General Harrison while he was Governor of the Indiana Territory and before he became President of the U.S. They were such close personal friends that General Harrison named his 5th child (Dr. Scott assisted at this birth) after him (John Scott Harrison) and Dr. Scott and Kitty named their son (born in 1805) William Henry Harrison Scott.” (Ref. 942)
Dr. John Mitchell Scott - Catherine Ware Scott
Early Frankfort (photo courtesy of The Kentucky Historical Society)
Catherine Ware Scott Dr. John Mitchell Scott
The oval of Dr. Scott is truly an exquisite work of art. The “miniature is solid gold and the features are hand painted on ivory.” (Ref. 2224) The back is fascinating. In keeping with the tradition of “hair art” of the times, it has “a solid gold rim and the brown hair from his head is made up like a sheaf of wheat and bound together by a circulet of pearls.” (Ref. 2224) The art of sewing a picture, using the actual hair of the one you loved, was the height of fashion during this time.
There were several portraits made of both Catherine and John before 1812. Some were simply watercolor copies of the originals and, therefore, have subtle changes.
Dr. John Mitchell Scott
When they moved to Frankfort, Dr. Scott and Catherine moved into a home previously owned by Daniel Weisiger - the first postmaster of the town in 1794. The property on which they constructed their own house was later bought by Philip Swigert who built a lovely mansion there around 1848. Known as “The Terraces,” the wisteria covered home was located at 319 Wapping Street.
Photo of the Solomon Sharp home
used with the kind permission of the Kentucky Historical Society
The Solomon Sharp home
photo provided courtesy of Maunsel White
One day in November, about 2 o’clock in the morning, a man named Jereboam Beauchamp came “to the rear side door” of the house and knocked. (Ref. 2225) This door led into the family dining room. When Congressman Sharp, “clad in his night shirt,” opened the door to find out who was knocking, Beauchamp stabbed him with a knife. The thrust of the blade “severed the large aorta about two inches below the pit of the stomach.” (Ref. 2286) Eliza, who had followed her husband to the door, witnessed everything. In a letter, dated December 25, 1825, Thompson Ware wrote:
"Eliza T. Sharp, wife of S. P. Sharp, died January 4th, 1844 in her 45th year” “Precious in the sight of the Lord, is the death of his saints."
The grave for Solomon P. Sharp is located in a special section of the cemetery for congressmen
Grave of Catherine W. Scott Johnson
John Mitchell Scott, Jr., carried on the family tradition of military service. (Ref. 587, 602) In a letter from Lucy Webb, she stated, “Your aunt’s [Kitty’s] son, John, started three weeks ago to West Point; there to finish his education.” (Ref. 597) After graduation, he headed into battle and his promotion to Major was “for gallant and meritorious conduct in the several conflicts at Monterey, Mexico on the 21st, 22nd, and 23rd of September 1846.” (Ref. 2253) Major John Mitchell Scott, Jr. died on October 26, 1850, at the age of 38.
Taken from Virginia Roots in Kentucky Soil:
American anger at these impressments grew hotter when British frigates brazenly stationed themselves in United States territorial waters and searched ships in full view of her own shores.
Another hot topic was Florida, which the War Hawks in Washington wanted to annex. Florida was held by Spain, a British ally. Things were on a collision course and, “in a move that surprised many, congress declared war on Britain on the 18th of June in 1812.” (Ref. 2254)
John Scott, as always, was ready to take command of his men, even though he was really not up to the task. “For some time prior to the outbreak of the war of 1812, Dr. Scott had been in poor health and fears were entertained for his recovery. It was not Governor Charles Scott’s intention, therefore, to appoint the doctor to an active role in the forthcoming campaign. Dr. Scott insisted on his right as Major of the 22nd Regiment though and on August 7, 1812, was officially appointed Lieutenant Colonel, Commandant, of the 1st Regiment, KY Volunteer Militia.” (Ref.1032, 2253)
Great efforts were made to dissuade John from endangering his health, “but as he approached his horse he was heard to mutter, ‘as long as I am able to mount you, none but myself shall lead my regiment either to fight or not to fight.’” (Ref. 2253) That decision would cost him dearly.
After 15 years of marriage, a very pregnant Catherine Scott would have to bury her husband who managed to make it home to be with her before his demise. She went into labor eight days later and delivered their last child - naming him, fittingly, John Scott. Her husband was buried Monday, December 21st with full military honors. James Ware wrote to her brother in Virginia, “I almost hate to go to Frankfort to see poor Kitty.” (Ref. 298)
Obituary from the “Kentucky Gazette”:
“Died on Sunday evening last, Col. John M. Scott, of this place. He accompanied the troops at the head of his regiment on the late expedition against the Indians under General Harrison, but owing to increasing debility he was forced to leave his regiment and return home about three weeks since. In the death of Col. Scott, his family is deprived of an affectionate husband and parent – his country of a brave officer, and society, a loss not to be repaired. His military acquirements were conspicuous; as a physician he was eminent. On the knowledge of this melancholy event, the following resolution was unanimously adopted by both branches of the Legislature: “Resolved, by the senate and house of representatives of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, that as a public testimony of the high respect and estimation in which they hold the memory of Col. John M. Scott, who departed this life on the night of the twentieth instant, they will attend his burial this day at four of the clock.” (Ref. 484, 485)
Photo taken by Judy Ware 2009
Catherine Scott was left a widow at the age of 35, never to wed again. Sometime after her oldest daughter Eliza married, Catherine and her two younger daughters went to live with her. “On December 11, 1861, Kitty Scott died at the age of 84.” (Ref. 942) She was buried close by her husband in the Frankfort Cemetery.
The change on the Revolutionary War front was a precursor for all the changes that were coming on the home front. “George spent his first formative 12 years in Virginia, but he would know Kentucky as his home longer than any of his brothers and sisters. He settled with James and Caty on their new land in Fayette County until he married.” (Ref. 2530)
In 1812, George Ware experienced two life altering events - - he went to war and he got married. Serving under the command of Captain James Taylor, he joined the ranks of other Ware men who proudly served their country.
Military record for George Ware (Ref. 2289)
There is not much known about George’s war experiences, but it is interesting to note that his son, Abram, also did military service during this same war.
On October 8, 1812, George married a neighbor’s daughter, Nancy Ferguson. James was obviously pleased about the union because he wrote in a letter back home that “George Ware is married at last to Mrs. Ferguson’s daughter; a close neighbor . . . he was married the day I started from Frederick.” (Ref. 298) George was 33 years old at the time and Nancy was 22.
The newlyweds “lived on the land of James Ware II.” (Ref. 940) By 1812, Thompson had already married and settled his own property close to Centerville. James III had returned to Virginia where he married and built his estate of Riverside on the Shenandoah River. Polly, Lucy, and Catherine were married and obviously living with their husbands, and Charles had gone back to Virginia for a while, but then returned, married, and settled on his property. George, only 12 when the migration to Kentucky took place, had naturally stayed with his parents (James and Caty) to help them with their home and property. It was logical that he and his wife would also continue to stay, not only to help the older Wares, but to inherit that property into which George had invested so much of his labor. George would later bequeath the acreage to one of his own sons, Abram, who also grew up there. A family bible states that Abram, “always having lived on his father’s place which had also been his grandfather’s,” inherited the property. (Ref. 940)
George and Nancy had a large family - it seemed like a new baby came into the
home about every two years. Nancy delivered ten
children in all. The following is information on
each of their offspring:
(1) Elizabeth Catherine Ware - One year after their wedding, Nancy gave birth to Elizabeth Catherine Ware on July 11, 1813. The couple called her Catherine, probably in honor of George’s late mother. At the age of 20, Catherine married Robert James Didlake on January 31, 1833. The couple had the following children: Mary (1833-1890), George (1835-1895), Anna (1836-1924),
Laura (1838-1916), Amanda (1840-1880), Ellen (1846), and Kate (1852-1903). Robert, a proprietor of the Broadway Hotel in Lexington, died in February of 1859, and Catherine passed away on July 4, 1868, at the age of 55.
Mary B. Didlake (1833-1890) Mary wed Charles D. Carr.
George Ware Didlake (1835-1895)
Anna Ferguson Didlake (1836-1924) Anna never married, but she lived to be 89 years old.
Laura Didlake (1838-1916) Laura married James Shropshire.
Amanda Didlake (1840-1880) Amanda married James L.
Ellen Didlake (1846-1863) Ellen died at age 17.
Didlake (1852-1903) Kate married Robert Berry.
(2) Mary Ann Webb Ware – George and Nancy welcomed another daughter on December 18, 1814. She was named Mary Ann Webb Ware, most likely after George’s Aunt Polly, whose full name was Mary Ann Todd Ware Webb. In a letter from Lucy Webb, she wrote, “Your Uncle George Ware’s family are well. [As of this date] he has two daughters, nearly grown – Catharine, she is a handsome girl with a good figure, and Mary Ann.” (Ref. 597) Mary Ann married Thomas Woods Goodloe on January 17, 1844, at the age of 30. They never had any children, and Mary died in January 1887.
(3) James Todd Ware - Almost two years later, to the day, Nancy gave birth to the next child. On December 23, 1816, James Todd Ware was born; honoring both maternal and paternal grandparents with his name. James lived to be 55, and died on Wednesday, July 5, 1871.
Descendants of the Shropshire family who had possession of this painting in 2013 recall this as a portrait of James Todd Ware, son of George and Nancy Ware. I would like to thank Jim and Jane Shropshire for sharing the beautiful painting of James Todd Ware with the family. It has provided a wonderful opportunity to see, again, family characteristics that continue to be passed down through the generations.
Josiah Ware (1802 – 1883) - James Todd Ware (1816 – 1871)
Abram Ware loved farming and spent his whole life on the family land. His occupation of ‘farmer’ is recorded in Pioneer Record and Reminiscences of the Early Settlers, written by Rufus Putnam. (Ref. 2281) He was well known in Fayette County and obviously held in high regard. One local publication mentioned several men residing in the area, and his name appeared above the notation - “the above are all farmers and honest men.” (Ref. 2281) Abram never married, and he was the last namesake of James and Caty to live on the Ware property. On Thursday, September 29, 1890, “Abraham Ware, an old and wealthy farmer of Fayette County, died.” (Ref. 940, 964)
The property of Dr. James Ware had originally been inherited by George and then passed to his son, Abram. Ten years before his death, however, Abram decided to divide the land with his younger sister, Lucy Ware Shropshire. It was a logical thing to do when you look at the family situation he faced. In 1884, there was only one of his eight other siblings who had any interest in the land. His sister, Elizabeth, had died in 1868; Mary Ann was childless; James Todd had died in 1871; Ann in 1840; Cliff died in 1866; Charles died young; John had passed away in 1867; and even his baby brother, Joseph, had died in 1853. It would make perfect sense that Abram (a lifelong bachelor with no children) would want to ensure that the land his grandfather settled on would stay in the family. So, in 1884, the Ware land “was divided between Abram and his sister, Lucy Ware Shropshire.” (Ref. 2600) She would, after Abram’s death, be the sole owner of all the property. It would not be until 1898, however, before all his legal paperwork was finally settled.
(6) Clifton Ware - Another son was born to George and Nancy on December 29, 1822 - George Clifton Ware. He was always called Clifton, and he joined siblings: Catherine (9), Mary Ann (8), James (6), Ann (4), and Abram (2). The Ware family was growing rapidly. Clifton lived to be 44 years old, dying on April 5, 1866.
(7) Charles William Ware – This son arrived on April 7, 1825, but very little is known about Charles William Ware. Even his tombstone is very hard to read.
(8) John William Ware - Another son, John William, was born into the family on September 16, 1867. He died at the age of 40 on August 31, 1867.
(9) Lucy Arabella Ware – Nancy delivered a daughter, Lucy Arabella Ware, on September 24, 1830. At age 30, Lucy wed James Hutchison Shropshire on Oct. 11, 1850. “Lucy and James had the following children: Mary, who married Mat Simpson; Catherine, who married David Field; Cliff, who married, first Miss Kinnaird, and then Miss Willie Robb; and Laura who never married. Lucy died in 1876 at the age of 46. Her husband lived another 46 years and [married] Laura Didlake, the niece of his first wife.” (Ref. 2227) Laura was the daughter of Catherine Ware, who had married Robert James Didlake. Both the Didlake and Shropshire families lived by Dr. Ware and Caty.
Lucy Ware Shropshire – both above photos provided courtesy of Jim and Jane Shropshire of Kentucky
The map below reflects both family names.
(10) Joseph Scott Ware - George and Nancy had their last child on September 13, 1833, and named him Joseph Scott Ware. Nancy was 43, George was 54, and the age gap between their first child (Catherine, born in 1813) and baby Joseph was 20 years. Ironically, this child was born in the middle of the cholera epidemic which killed so many other family members. He survived the cholera, but still died young on (age 20) September 26, 1853, of “flux.” Flux was often the term used to describe what is now known as bloody diarrhea or dysentery. The combination of loss of water and blood could rapidly cause dehydration and eventually death. (Ref. 586,602, 940,970)
Grave of Joseph Scott Ware
Photo taken by Judy Ware 2010
George Ware worked hard to take care of the legacy passed on to him by his father. With the help of his sons and slave labor, he (like most Fayette County farmers) “produced a range of livestock which included cattle, pigs, mules, chickens, and sheep. Also, many of the county’s farms produced wheat, hay, corn, and tobacco . . . . The land was a key to unlock the potential of one’s present state of welfare and a way to provide for future prosperity.” (Ref. 2600)
In keeping with his status as a land owner, George was also active in civic matters. He was “appointed overseer of Cleveland’s Landing Road towards Bourbon from Estes’ Tavern to the Bourbon line, in place of Jeramiah White.” (Ref. 1044) Just as his brother, Charles Ware, George also served in the capacity of a county commissioner. Being a property owner came with definite responsibilities, and George had quite a bit of land.
figures marked next to the name shew the number
Ware Geo., 684, Old Frankfort road, 4 m.
During their years in Kentucky, George and Nancy also embraced the Baptist faith and became active members of the David’s Fork Baptist Church. We know from the church records that some of their slaves attended there as well, and the following people were baptized: “Charlotte, Caty, Alsy, Jane, George, John, Clary, Celia, and Caleb.” (Ref. Church Records)
The Wares were married for 37 years. Nancy died less than two months after George, and since we now know that “George Ware, of near David’s Fork meeting house, died of cholera on Saturday, July 28, 1849,” it would seem safe to assume that Nancy’s death on September 14th could have been related to cholera as well. (Ref. 940, 975, 1069) George was 71 when he died, and Nancy was 59. Both were buried in the Lexington Cemetery. (Ref. 975)
Death notice for George Ware (Ref.1069)
Photos courtesy of James and Judy Ware 2010
Graves of Abram Ware, Mary Ware Goodloe, and Thomas Woods Goodloe
Family section in the Lexington Cemetery
Lexington would grow unbelievably in the years after Dr. James Ware and Caty first arrived. When James had first visited in 1784, “there was not then a shingle roof in Lexington. The court house was an open log building with a board roof.” (Ref. 2288) By the close of that very year, “several stores, which provided a ready market for supplies produced by the farmers” had set up business. In 1788, the town newspaper listed advertisements for such comforts as silk, china, cotton stockings, spelling books, sewing needles, garters, and even small looking glasses. (Ref. 2288) By the time the Wares arrived in 1792, merchants (ranging from blacksmiths, to silversmiths, to watchmakers, to bakers) had set up shop. (Ref. 2288) By 1810, Lexington “was considered the largest town in the state at that time. There were nine ropewalks, four cotton bagging mills, an oil carpet factory, three paper mills, three grist mills, four coach factories, six cabinet makers, four soap and candle factories and three tobacco factories.” (Ref. 2535) Dr. and Mrs. Ware were fortunate to be on the “ground floor” of such growth and prosperity.
The modern map below will show the following landmarks
Their land was perfectly suited for the production of good crops and nurturing livestock that would soon rival the best breeding farms in Virginia. “It would not be long before Kentucky would be known as the epicenter of good horse flesh; a reputation it still maintains today.” (Ref. 2350) From its earliest days, racing was as much a part of Kentucky life as breathing. “The first Lexington horse races took place on the Water Street Commons in 1787, but the town trustees banned Main Street racing in August.” (wikipedia) The problem continued though, and in 1793, “the citizens were much worried at this time regarding the jockeys racing their horses through the streets . . . the trustees promptly met and issued strict orders, confining the racing to the lower end of the Commons (west Water street) where stud horses can be shown.” (Ref. 2288) More measures were taken in “July 1797, [when] the Kentucky Jockey Club was officially organized and established rules that were generally adopted at other state tracks.” (Ref. 2288, 2543)
James had bred horses while they lived in Virginia, and undoubtedly brought that passion for good horse flesh with him to his new home. One of his best racehorses, Godolphin, won many races and became quite famous. In the early 1800s, it was noted that in Kentucky, “horses are raised in great numbers, and of the noblest kinds. A handsome horse is the highest pride of a Kentuckian; and common farmers own from ten to fifty.” (Ref. 2543) James clearly adhered to that principle. (See following documentation)
Cornelia Ware made an interesting observation when transcribing old Ware family letters from the late 1700s. “In reading the old letters, punctuation is almost nonexistent, with capitals thrown in indiscriminately, but one thing I notice is that there are three words that are unfailingly capitalized, namely ‘Money’, ‘Interest’ and ‘Horse’. These old Wares had the greatest respect for ‘Property’ and the love of good horses is in our blood.” (Ref. 2)
When James and Caty made the transition to Kentucky, they not only left behind their Virginian origins but their Episcopalian roots as well. Most of the Wares that settled in Kentucky joined different Baptist churches. “Westerners, for the most part, detested the English social and political systems which the Episcopal Church represented. It was partly this system of society which drove the Kentucky settlers out of the eastern seaboard colonies into the West.” (Ref. 2208) The newly settled frontier provided fertile ground for the quickly growing Baptist movement. James and Caty became members of the Forks of Elkhorn Baptist Church, and “in May 1801, on Saturday evening, the church met and after divine worship, proceeded to business and received by experience James Ware Jr.” (Ref. 1028) By this time, Caty had seen the birth of 18 of the (more than) 53 grandchildren that her sons and daughters would bring into this world. Thompson had 12, James nine (although many would die very young), Polly eight, Lucy nine, Kitty five, and George 10. Only her son, Charles, remained childless.
Virginia Catherine Todd Ware died April 23, 1802, at the young age of 49. (Ref. 621,940, 975, 1070) Dr. James Ware lived another 18 years, dying on May 7, 1820, at the age of 79. His will, on file in Fayette County, is interesting to read. He clearly had given a lot of his land away to his children before his death as “gifts” to them. This would explain why his property dropped from 1,500 acres (when he settled on it) to the 693 acres George inherited. Named as the executor of the will, George was bequeathed the “plantation on which the testator now resides,” but James specifically noted that each one of his children would equally benefit from his estate. The will was probated two months after his death, and there was a public sale to liquidate some of his personal property. In an odd twist of fate, James’ son and namesake, James Ware III, would die in Virginia just one year after his father’s passing.
From Virginia Roots in Kentucky Soil:
“George took over the estate of his parents and lived there until his death in 1849. At that point, the land, which had initially been purchased prior to 1785, passed into his son, Abram Ware’s, hands. Abram resided there until his death in 1894, making the property over 100 years old at the time.” As mentioned in the section under Abram Ware, in 1884, the land had been “divided between Abram and his sister, Lucy Ware Shropshire.” (Ref. 2600)
When George and Nancy Ware died, they were buried in the Lexington Cemetery, but as of now, no grave has ever been found for Caty or James Ware. Most of the Ware and Webb family who died during the cholera epidemic of 1833, were “buried in a small cemetery near the home of Isaac Webb.” (Ref. 934) The map below shows the close proximity of that graveyard to the home of James Ware. It is possible that the graves of James and Caty Ware were among the unrecognizable ones located in the Webb/Ware Cemetery at the time of the 1931 restoration - many of the oldest stones were beyond saving. It is also possible the couple was buried somewhere else on their land.
In 2009, my husband and I first laid our eyes on the actual property that James
and Caty had owned. We, subsequently, got to visit
again in 2012. It was a remarkable experience to see
the land on which our ancestors had walked. Married
for 35 years, James and Caty had shared an amazing adventure of traveling from
Virginia to Kentucky. They obviously had witnessed
many changes in their lives together, but it would seem the one thing that
remained unchangeable was their devotion to each other.
Property originally owned by Caty and James Ware II
Photos above taken by James & Judy Ware 2009
Land purchased by James Ware II in the late 1700s
EXPLANATION OF DOUBLE-DATING
The following is an explanation taken from Virginia Roots in Kentucky Soil. It is an interesting and clarifying piece of data on “establishing dates” for genealogists who may not be familiar with it. It was kindly provided by Debbie McArdle with proper accreditation for the original source shown at the bottom.”(Ref. 2350)
"Calendar difficulties may come as a surprise to you unless you have either studied astronomy or have a good background in history. However, the calendar and its transition from the Julian to the Gregorian system and other changes involved therewith have considerable impact on many early American genealogical problems.
The main problem has to do with the changing of the calendars - when the switch was made from the Julian to the Gregorian. In Britain and her colonies (which included most colonies in America) this took place in 1752. (The Dutch in New Netherland never used the Julian Calendar. The Dutch had accepted the Gregorian Calendar prior to their American colonization. These people even continued to use New Style dates in their private records after England had control of their colony. The Quakers did not accept the ecclesiastical calendar but began their year on January 1 even though they otherwise accepted the dates of the Julian Calendar.) Remember that 1752 date; it is important. During the period while the Julian Calendar was used, the Christian church and the countries within which that church prospered used what we call an ecclesiastical calendar which had New Year's Day falling on March 25. This was the day of the Feast of the Annunciation which commemorates the visit of the Angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary to inform her that she would be the mother of the Messiah. Note that this date is exactly nine months before Christmas, when we celebrate that birth.
Let's take an example to show the effects of this situation. You have several documents (such as wills) recorded in chronological order. The dates on these might run something like this:
November 14, 1718
This is very simple, isn't it? The main difficulty here is that we are accustomed to beginning our years on January 1, so when we see a date like one of these (say February 16, 1718) we automatically put it in the wrong year - we are automatically one year off.
One year off isn't bad, you say? This is true unless it leads you to make incorrect conclusions. If the record in question happens to be a church register and the christenings, etc. of your ancestor's children recorded therein, you may have a problem. Let's say you find two christenings on the following dates for persons you suppose are your ancestor's children:
April 1, 1720 March 22, 1720
If you didn't know that the year 1721 began three days after the second of these two christenings, what would be your conclusion?
Because of this problem, we use what we call double-dating. This means that whenever a date falls between January 1 and March 24, inclusive, before 1752, it should be recorded to reflect both the ecclesiastical and the historical calendars. (Ref. 2117) "The Researcher's Guide to American Genealogy" 2nd Edition, Val D. Greenwood, Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, MD, 1993, p41-43, kindly shared by Debbie McArdle
CHILDREN OF: DR. JAMES WARE II & VIRGINIA (CATY) TODD WARE
B. March 13, 1741/2 (1767) B. February 9, 1753
D. May 7, 1820 D. April 23, 1802
Dr. James Ware was the 2nd son of James Ware I and his wife, Agnes Todd Ware. He studied medicine in Virginia and married Virginia Catherine Todd there in 1767. He later relocated to Kentucky with his whole family except his namesake, James Ware III. (Ref. 1070 and 2227 for exact dates)
(6) Catherine Ware (May 1, 1777 - Dec. 11, 1861) wed Dr. John M. Scott in 1796.
CHILDREN OF: THOMPSON and SALLIE CONN WARE
B. April 5, 1769 (1799) B. Sept. 22, 1781
D. Sept. 9, 1852 D. Nov. 26, 1851
Thompson was the eldest son of Dr. James Ware and his wife, Virginia (Caty) Todd Ware. He settled in Paris, Kentucky & married Sallie Conn on March 21, 1799. Thompson served in the War of 1812.
(12) Charles William Ware (Dec. 23, 1824 - Oct. 30, 1834) was very sickly.
New information was provided from the Ware Family Bible of James Thompson Ware – generously shared courtesy of Debbie McArdle (Ref. 1070)
JAMES THOMPSON and PATSY BEDFORD WARE
B. Dec. 23, 1814 B. July 3, 1823
D. Sept. 30, 1871 D. June 3, 1896
James Thompson was the 2nd son of Thompson and Sallie Ware. He was the grandson of Dr. James Ware and his wife, Virginia (Caty) Todd Ware. He married Patsy Bedford on November 26, 1844.
(5) Henry Bedford Ware (Dec. 22, 1853 - Dec. 23, 1930) never married. He lived with his sister, Lucy.
JAMES WARE III and ELIZABETH ALEXANDER WARE
B. January 13, 1771 B. Oct. 26, 1774
D. Sept. 13, 1821 D. Aug. 29, 1803
James was the son of Dr. James Ware II and his wife, Caty Todd Ware. He was also the grandson of James Ware I and his wife, Agnes Todd Ware. He traveled to Kentucky but ultimately settled back in Virginia where he married Elizabeth Alexander Ware on Nov. 10, 1796.
(1) Sarah Elizabeth Taliaferro Ware (Oct. 1, 1797 - April 16, 1878) wed Sigismund Stribling on Nov. 7, 1820.
(2) Charles Alexander Ware (July 3, 1800 - Dec. 3, 1823) died at age 23.
JAMES WARE III and Harriet Milton Taylor (2nd wife)
B. January 13, 1771 B. April 26, 1790
D. Sept. 13, 1821 D. Nov. 1, 1822
When his 1st wife, Elizabeth Alexander Ware, died at a young age, James remarried – this time to Harriet Milton Taylor on March 17, 1808.
(3) Thomas Marshall Ware (July 3, 1812 - Oct. 12, 1832) died at age 20.
(4) Lucy Catherine Ware (July 26, 1814 - April 5th, 1838) wed Dr. William D. McGuire.(5) Harriet Mary Todd Ware (Nov. 21, 1816 - Feb. 5, 1828) died at age 12.
(6) Elizabeth Alexander Ware (Nov. 6, 1818 - Jan. 6, 1820) died at 14 months.
MARY (POLLY) TODD WARE and CHARLES WEBB
B. Sept. 4, 1772 B. Feb. 6, 1755
D. Dec. 29, 1854 D. 1806 of cholera
Polly Ware was the daughter of James Ware II and Caty Todd Ware. She was also the granddaughter of James Ware I and Agnes Todd Ware. She married Charles Webb on Feb. 24, 1791 - prior to the big move to Kentucky.
(2) James Webb (Nov. 28, 1793)
(3) Charles Webb (Sept. 26, 1795 - died in infancy)
(4) Charles H. Webb (July 3, 1797 - died in infancy)
(5) Dr. Charles Henry Webb Jr. (July 2, 1798 - Oct. 30, 1844) wed Cassandra Ford on Feb. 15, 1827.(6) John Webb (Oct. 23, 1799 - )
(7) Nancy Webb (1801 – 1884) wed Dr. Henry E. Innes on July 27, 1819.
(8) Winifred (Winny) Webb (Feb. 29, 1804 - Aug. 26, 1874) wed George W. Williams on March 25, 1824.
** Above information kindly provided from family records of Sandra Walker
CATHERINE CONN GANO and REV. JOHN ALLEN GANO
B. Sept. 8, 1810 B. July 14, 1805
D. D. Oct. 14, 1887
Rev. Gano married Catherine Conn, only child of William and Frances Webb Conn, on Oct. 2, 1827.
(1) William Conn Gano (Sept. 23, 1828 - July 1863)
(2) Richard M. Gano (June 18, 1830 - )
(3) Fanny Conn Gano (March 24, 1832 - Feb. 4, 1850)
(4) Robert Ewing Gano (June 1, 1834 - died in infancy)
(5) Stephen F. Gano (April 25, 1836 - died in infancy)
(6) Franklin M. Gano (Dec. 11, 1839 - Feb. 1881)
(7) Eliza G. Gano (Oct. 19, 1841 - died in infancy)(8) John Allen Gano Jr. (July 21, 1845 - )
(9) Mary Eliza Gano (June 10, 1848 - Aug. 4, 1877) (Ref. 781)
CHARLES HENRY WEBB JR. and CASSANDRA FRANCES FORD
B. July 2, 1798 B. Aug. 7, 1807
D. Oct. 1844 D. Dec. 6, 1863
Charles Henry Webb was the son of Mary Todd Ware Webb (Polly) and her husband, Charles Webb. He married Cassandra Frances Ford on February 15, 1827. She was the daughter of James Ford.
(3) James Philip Webb (June 7, 1831 - ) wed Nannie Machen.
(4) Nancy Winifred Webb (Jan. 31, 1833 - ) wed Thomas J. Duncan.
(5) Cannie Webb (Nov. 26, 1834 - Oct. 22, 1844)
(8) Charles Henry Webb III (Sept. 9, 1843 - July 8, 1861)(9) Cassandra Ford Webb (May 10, 1845 - Sept. 13, 1924)
WINIFRED WEBB and MAJOR GEORGE W. WILLIAMS
B. Feb. 29, 1804 B. Oct. 7, 1801
D. Aug. 26, 1874 D. Jan. 1870
Winnie was the daughter of Polly and Charles Webb and the granddaughter of James & Caty Ware. She and George Williams married on March 23, 1824.
(3) Frances Conn Williams ( ) wed Thomas Henry Clay.
(4) Georgia Williams ( ) married John Stuart.
(5) Louisa K. Williams ( )
(6) Nannie W. Williams (1831 - December 1896) wed Col. John A. Prall.
(7) Anna Williams ( ) wed William H. Price.
(8) Winifred Williams. . . . (9) – (10) – (11) - (12) four children who died in infancy
CATHERINE WARE and Dr. JOHN MITCHELL SCOTT
B. May 1, 1777 B. 1764
D. Dec. 11, 1861 D. Dec. 20, 1812
(3) Catherine W. (Kate) Scott (1807 - Dec. 18, 1867) wed William Johnson on June 4, 1834. He was later assassinated.
(4) Arabella Scott (March 14, 1811 - Feb. 21, 1878) wed William Davis on Dec. 29, 1831, and Sylvester Welch on Nov. 13, 1838.(5) John Mitchell Scott (Jan. 8, 1813 - Oct. 28, 1850) died at age 38.
***Four children died in infancy (Ref. 484, 1032, 2219, 2220, 2227, 2247, 2253)
CHILDREN OF: LUCY WARE and CAPTAIN ISAAC WEBB
B. Nov. 12, 1773 B. Jan. 19, 1758
D. June 22, 1833 D. June 26, 1833
(Ref. 512, 550, 634, 2003)
Lucy was the daughter of James Ware II and Caty Todd Ware. She was also the granddaughter of James Ware I and Agnes Todd Ware. She married Capt. Isaac Webb on Dec. 23, 1790 – shortly before the big move to Kentucky.
(6) Cuthbert Webb (Jan. 20, 1801 – 1860) never married. (Ref. 174,794)
(7) Mary Ann Todd Webb (March 15, 1803 - ) wed William Nicholson on Oct. 19, 1820.
(8) John Thompson Webb (March 18, 1805 – 1875) wed Lovina.
(9) Elizabeth (Betsy) Frances Webb (Sept. 12, 1806 - ) wed Rev. Joseph P. Cunningham in 1823, and Matthew Thompson Scott in 1836. (Ref. 934)
LUCY CAROLINE WEBB and DR. JOSEPH THOMPSON SCOTT
B. Feb. 16, 1799/1800 B. Feb. 19, 1781
D. March 17, 1868 D. June 6, 1843
Lucy was the daughter of Isaac and Lucy Webb and the granddaughter of James and Caty Ware. She married Dr. Joseph Thompson Scott on July 31, 1817. He already had two daughters from a previous marriage with Martha Berkley Finley whom he married in 1805. (Ref. 174,482)(1) Sarah Finley Scott (Nov. 27, 1806 - Dec. 4, 1883) wed David C. Humphreys on Oct. 7, 1825.
(2) Elizabeth Thompson Scott (May 10, 1808 - March 6, 1876) wed Humphrey Fullerton on Oct. 31, 1833.
AFTER MARTHA DIED, LUCY & JOSEPH HAD THE FOLLOWING:
(3) Mary Epps Scott (Feb. 18, 1821 - Sept. 11, 1885) wed John W. McFarland on Jan. 2, 1844.
(4) Margaretta Scott (Nov. 4, 1822 - Aug. 18, 1823)
(5) Dr. Isaac Webb Scott (June 27, 1826 -April 11, 1913) wed Mary Buchanan.
(7) Catherine Scott (Nov. 2, 1829 - Dec. 28, 1830)
CHILDREN OF: WINIFRED WEBB and MATTHEW THOMPSON SCOTT
B. Jan. 28, 1793 B. Jan. 5, 1786
D. July 8, 1833 D. Aug. 1858
Winny was the daughter of Isaac Webb and Lucy Ware Webb, and she was the granddaughter of James & Caty Ware. She and Matthew Thompson Scott married on June 12, 1810. When Winny died of cholera in 1833, Thompson married her sister, Elizabeth (Betsy) Frances Webb Cunningham who was also widowed at the time. (Ref. 485)
(1) James W. Scott (March 27, 1811 - Sept. 7, 1833)
(2) Elizabeth (Betsy) Thompson Scott (Jan. 21, 1813 - April 14, 1835)
(3) Isaac Webb Scott (June 7, 1814 - July 28, 1904)
(4) Lucy Catherine Scott (Jan. 9, 1816 - Oct. 13, 1816)
(5)Mary Dewees Scott (July 21, 1817 - Jan. 24, 1902) wed Dr. Dudley.
(6) Lucy Webb Scott (April 1, 1819 - Oct. 12, 1820)
(7) John William Scott (Jan. 6, 1821 - July 22, 1888) wed Elizabeth Skillman.
(8) Winny Webb Scott (Aug. 26, 1822 - Sep. 27, 1865) wed Charles Gallagher.
(9) Matthew Thompson Scott (Feb. 24, 1823 - May 21, 1891)
(10) Margaret Scott (1824 - Sep. 24, 1913) wed Skillman.
(11) Lucy Ware Scott (1826 - Jan. 31, 1901)
(12) Joseph Scott (April 7, 1829 - Sep. 13, 1865)(13) William Nicholson Scott (June 20, 1831 - May 4, 1833) died at age 2.
(14) William Thompson Scott (June 23, 1833 - Jan. 2, 1875)
CHILDREN OF: DR. JAMES WEBB and MARIA COOK
B. March 17, 1795 B. March 9, 1801
D. July 1, 1833 D. Sept. 14, 1866
James was the son of Lucy Ware Webb and her husband, Isaac Webb. He was the grandson of James & Caty Ware and the great grandson of James and Agnes Ware. He married Maria Cook on April 18, 1826. (Ref. 633)
GEORGE WARE and NANCY FERGUSON WARE
B. Feb. 9, 1779 B. June 6, 1790
D. July 28, 1849 D. Sept. 14, 1849 (Friday)
George Ware was the youngest son of James Ware II and his wife, Caty Todd Ware and also the grandson of James Ware I and his wife, Agnes Todd Ware. He married Nancy Ferguson on October 8, 1812. George and his wife lived on the property his father (Dr. James Ware II) settled on in Kentucky, and later they passed the same land on to their son, Abram.
(5) Abraham Thompson Ware (Nov. 9, 1820 - March 14, 1894) never wed.
(6) George Clifton (Clifton) Ware (Dec. 29, 1822 - April 5, 1866)
(7) Charles William Ware (April 7, 1825)
(8) John William Ware (Sept. 16, 1827 - Aug. 3, 1867)
(9) Lucy Arabella Ware (Sept. 24, 1830 - Nov. 4, 1876) wed James Hutchison Shropshire on July 11, 1850.(10) Joseph Scott Ware (Sept. 13, 1833 - Sept. 26, 1863) died at 20 years.
The following bible pages provided through the kindness of Debbie McArdle
Showing births of both Charles and Polly
NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS CONCERNING CHILDREN OF THOMPSON WARE – FIRSTBORN SON OF JAMES AND VIRGINIA CATHERINE TODD WARE
FRAB Jan. 31, 1880 - Mr. Jas. Ware and Miss Emma Macey, of Versailles, eloped on Friday of last week, went to Cincinnati, had the nuptial knotted and returned home.
Death certificate for James Thompson Ware – son of James & Patsy Bedford Ware and grandson of Thompson & Sallie Ware